Technical parameters

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6. Technical parameters

Tab. 6.1: Technical parameters

     Radio parameters
Frequency bands135–175; 335-400; 400–470 MHz
Channel spacing6.25 / 12.5 / 25 / 50 / 100 / 150 / 200 kHz
Frequency stability±1.0 ppm, ±0.01 ppm with GPS option
ModulationQAM: 256QAM, 64QAM, 16DEQAM, D8PSK, π/4DQPSK, DPSK FSK: 4CPFSK, 2CPFSK
Data speed (up to)

>1.4 Mbps@200 kHz, >1.1 Mbps@150kHz, >700kbps@100kHz, > 400 kbps@50 kHz; >200 kbps@25 kHz; >100 kbps@12.5 kHz; >50 kbps@6,25 kHz [1]

FEC (Forward Error Correction)Trellis code with Viterbi soft-decoder
 
   [1] This is gross data speed in above table. User data speed varies and depends heavily
        on the data structure, optimization effectivity, protocol on Radio channel, signal budgets
        and many other parameters of the network. Practical tests are recommended.

     Transmitter 
 
RF Output power
(Both Carrier and Modulated)
QAM: 0.1- 5.0 W (20 – 37 dBm) in 1dB step[2][3]
FSK: 0.1 – 10 W (20 – 40 dBm) in 1 dB step[4]
Duty cycleContinuous
Rx to Tx Time< 1.5 ms / 25 kHz channel
Intermodulation Attenuation > 40 dB, > 70 dB (with external circulator/isolator)
Spurious Emissions (Conducted)< −36 dBm
Radiated Spurious Emissions< −36 dBm
Adjacent channel power< −60 dBc
Transient adjacent channel power< −60 dBc
     Receiver 
 
Sensitivitysee details 
Anti-aliasing Selectivity  56 kHz @ −3 dB BW applicable for 6.25/12.5/25 kHz
500 kHz @ −3 dB BW applicable for 50/100/150/200 kHz
Tx to Rx Time< 1.5 ms / 25 kHz channel
Maximum Receiver Input Power20 dBm (100 mW)
Rx Spurious Emissions (Conducted)< −57 dBm
Radiated Spurious Emissions< −57 dBm
Blocking or desensitization>-23 dBm @ 1MHz
>-19 dBm @ 2MHz
>-15 dBm @ 5MHz
>-13 dBm @ 10MHz
 
Spurious response rejection> 70 dB
 
   [2] Output power displayed as average power, Max peak envelope power (PEP) 10 W (40 dBm)
   [3] Modulation dependent (DPSK 5 W … QAM256 2W)
   [4] For output power 10 W it is recommended to use input power above 11 VDC.

     Electrical
Primary power10 to 30 VDC, negative GND
Rx8 W / 13.8 V
Tx – FSKtyp. 40 W, max. 55 W @ 40 dBm
Tx – QAMtyp. 33 W, max. 40 W @ 40 dBm PEP
Sleep mode0.01 W
Save mode5 W
     Interfaces
Ethernet10/100 Base-T Auto MDI/MDIX
10/100/1000 Base-T
1000Base-SX / 1000 Base-LX
4×RJ45, 1×SFP
COMRS232/RS485 SW configurableDB9F
300 bps – 1 Mbps 
USBUSB 3.0Host A
Antenna50 Ω2×TNC female
DI / DO2×DI, 2×DO, 1×DDIRJ45
GPSactive antenna 3.3 VDC SMA female
GPS72-channel u-blox M8 engine GPS/QZSS L1 C/A, GLONASS L10F BeiDou B1I, Galileo E1B/C SBAS L1 C/A: WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN
     LED panel
5× tri-color status LEDs

SYS, AUX, RX, TX, COM

     Environmental
IP Code (Ingress Protection)IP42, IP52
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure)> 900.000 hours (> 100 years)
Operating temperature−40 to +70 °C (−40 to +158 °F)
Operating humidity5 to 95 % non-condensing
Storage−40 to +85 °C (−40 to +185 °F) / 5 to 95 % non-condensing
     Mechanical
CasingRugged die-cast aluminium
Dimensions

60 H × 185 W × 125 mm D (2.34× 7.2 × 4.9 in)

Weight

1.55 kg (3.4 lbs)

MountingDIN rail, L-bracket, Flat-bracket, 19″ Rack shelf
     SW
Operating modesBridge / Router
User protocols on COMModbus, IEC101, DNP3, PR2000, UNI, Comli, DF1, RP570, Profibus, …
User protocols on EthernetModbus TCP, IEC104, DNP3 TCP, Comli TCP,
Terminal server…
Serial to IP convertorsModbus RTU / Modbus TCP,   DNP3 / DNP3 TCP
Protocol on Radio channel
  Multi master applicationsYes
  Report by exceptionYes
  Collision Avoidance CapabilityYes
  Remote to Remote communicationYes
  Addressed & acknowledged serial
  SCADA protocols
Yes
  Data integrity controlCRC 32
  EncryptionAES256
  Optimizationup to 3× higher throughput
     Diagnostic and Management
Radio link testingYes (ping with RSS, Data Quality, Homogeneity)
Watched values (Can be broadcast to neighbouring units. Received info displayed in Neighbours table)Device – Ucc, Temp, PWR, VSWR, *HW Alarm Input.
Radio channel – *RSScom, *DQcom, TXLost[%]
User interfaces – ETH[Rx/Tx], COM[Rx/Tx]
* not broadcast
StatisticsFor Rx/Tx Packets on User interfaces (ETH, COM) and for User data and Radio protocol (Repeats, Lost, ACK etc.) on Radio channel
GraphsFor Watched values and Statistics
History (Statistics, Neighbours,
Graphs)
20 periods (configurable, e.g. days)
SNMPSNMPv1, SNMPv2c, SNMPv3
Trap / Inform alarms generation as per settings
MonitoringReal time/Save to file analysis of all physical interfaces (RADIO, ETH, COM) and some internal interfaces between software modules (e.g. Terminal servers, Modbus TCP server etc.)

     Standards
CERED, RoHS, WEEE
FCC, ATEXpending
SpectrumETSI EN 302 561 V2.1.1
ETSI EN 300 113 V2.2.1
EMC (electromagnetic compatibility)ETSI EN 301 489-1 V2.1.1
ETSI EN 301 489-5 V2.1.1
Electric power substations environmentIEEE 1613:2009 Class 1 – pending
SafetyEN 62 368-1:2004 + A1:2017
SAREN 50385:2017
EN 50383ed.2:2010
Vibration & shockpending
Seismic qualificationpending
IP ratingEN 60529:1993 + A1:2001 + A2:2014

Tab. 6.2: List of connected cables

Input / OutputSpecified lengthShielded /
Nonshielded
Recommended cable type
DC power supply 10 – 30 VAs needed NV03VH-H 2×0,5
GPIO (Sleep Input, HW Alarm
Input, HW Alarm Output)
As needed SLiYCY 6×0,14
Antenna connection Rx, Rx/Tx As needed S Coaxial
COM (RS232/485) As needed, typically up to 15 m (RS232) or 1.2 km (RS485)SLiYCY 4×0,14
AUX (used for GPS) As neededS Coaxial
ETH (4 ports) As needed, typically up to 100 mSSTP CAT 5e
Optical Ethernet As needed, typically up to 2 kmN/AOptical fibre
USBMax. 3 mSUSB3
DI / DOAs needed SSTP CAT 5e

6.1. Detailed Radio parameters

Tab. 6.3: 12.5 kHz

12.5 kHz Rx Baudrate 10.42 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6 
3.910.752CPFSK-120-119-117-7
5.211.002CPFSK-120-118-115-10
7.810.754CPFSK-119-117-114-11
10.421.004CPFSK-118-115-112-6
7.810.75DPSK-119-118-114-6.5
10.421.00DPSK-119-117-112-5
15.620.75π/4-DQPSK-118-117-113-9
20.831.00π/4-DQPSK-117-115-110-10
23.440.75D8PSK-116-113-108-12
31.251.00D8PSK-113-109-103-14
31.250.7516DEQAM-112-109-103-16
41.671.0016DEQAM-109-106-99-18.5
46.880.7564QAM-110-106-99-19
62.501.0064QAM-105-101-94-22.5
62.500.75256QAM-105-102-95-22
83.331.00256QAM-100-97-90-28.5

12.5 kHz
Bitrate [kbps] Modulation Emmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 5.21 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
5.21 2CPFSK 7K00F1DBN7.011.5
10.42 4CPFSK 7K00F1DDN7.011.5
Baudrate 8.68 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
8.68DPSK 10K0G1DBN10.011.5
17.36π/4-DQPSK 10K0G1DDN10.011.5
26.04D8PSK 10K0G1DEN10.011.5
34.7216DEQAM 10K0G1DEN10.011.5
52.0864QAM 10K0G1DEN10.011.5
69.44256QAM 10K0G1DEN10.011.5
Baudrate 10.42 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
10.42 DPSK 11K9G1DBN11.912.5
20.83 π/4-DQPSK 11K9G1DDN11.912.5
31.25 D8PSK 11K9G1DEN11.912.5
41.67 16DEQAM 11K9G1DEN11.912.5
62.50 64QAM 11K9G1DEN11.912.5
83.33 256QAM 11K9G1DEN11.912.5

Tab. 6.4: 25 kHz

25 kHz Rx Baudrate 20.83 (ETSI EN 300 113)
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6 
7.810.752CPFSK-118-117-115-6
10.421.002CPFSK-118-116-113-7
15.630.754CPFSK-117-115-112-10
20.831.004CPFSK-115-113-109-6
15.620.75DPSK-117-116-112-6
20.831.00DPSK-117-115-110-6
31.250.75π/4-DQPSK-116-115-111-9
41.661.00π/4-DQPSK-115-113-108-10
46.870.75D8PSK-113-111-106-12
62.491.00D8PSK-110-107-101-14.5
62.490.7516DEQAM-110-107-101-16
83.321.0016DEQAM-108-105-98-18.5
93.750.7564QAM-108-104-97-19
125.001.0064QAM-104-99-92-22.5
125.000.75256QAM-103-100-93-22
166.671.00256QAM-98-95-88-28.5

25 kHz
Bitrate [kbps] ModulationEmmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 10.42 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
10.422CPFSK 13K8F1DBN13.816
20.834CPFSK 13K8F1DDN13.816
Baudrate 13.89 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113)
13.89DPSK 15K9G1DBN15.916
27.78π/4-DQPSK 15K9G1DDN15.916
41.67D8PSK 15K9G1DEN15.916
55.5616DEQAM 15K9G1DEN15.916
83.3364QAM 15K9G1DEN15.916
111.11256QAM 15K9G1DEN15.916
Baudrate 17.36 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 113, ETSI EN 302 561)
17.36DPSK 19K8G1DBN19.820
34.72π/4-DQPSK 19K8G1DDN19.820
52.08D8PSK 19K8G1DEN19.820
69.4416DEQAM 19K8G1DEN19.820
104.1764QAM 19K8G1DEN19.820
138.89256QAM 19K8G1DEN19.820
Baudrate 20.83 kBaud (ETSI EN 302 561)
20.83DPSK 24K0G1DBN24.025
41.67π/4-DQPSK 24K0G1DDN24.025
62.50D8PSK 24K0G1DEN24.025
83.3316DEQAM 24K0G1DEN24.025
125.0064QAM 24K0G1DEN24.025
166.67256QAM 24K0G1DEN24.025

Tab. 6.5: 50 kHz

50 kHz Rx Baudrate 41.67 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 561)
Classification Sensitivity [dBm] Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FEC Modulation BER 10-2 BER 10-3BER 10-6[dB]
31.25 0.75 DPSK -114-113-109-7
41.671.00 DPSK -114-112-107-7
62.500.75 π/4-DQPSK -113-112-108-10
83.331.00 π/4-DQPSK -112-110-105-11
93.750.75 D8PSK -110-108-103-13
125.001.00 D8PSK -107-104-98-15
125.000.75 16DEQAM -107-104-98-17
166.671.00 16DEQAM -105-102-95-19
187.500.75 64QAM -105-101-94-20
250.001.00 64QAM -101-96-89-23
250.000.75 256QAM -100-97-90-23
333.331.00 256QAM -95-92-85-31

50 kHz
Bitrate [kbps] ModulationEmmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 34.72 kBaud (ETSI EN 302 561)
34.72DPSK 40K0G1DBN40.040
69.44π/4-DQPSK 40K0G1DDN40.040
104.17D8PSK 40K0G1DEN40.040
138.8916DEQAM 40K0G1DEN40.040
208.3364QAM 40K0G1DEN40.040
277.78256QAM 40K0G1DEN40.040
Baudrate 41.67 (ETSI EN 302 561)
41.67DPSK 45K0G1DBN45.050
83.33π/4-DQPSK 45K0G1DDN45.050
125.00D8PSK 45K0G1DEN45.050
166.6716DEQAM 45K0G1DEN45.050
250.0064QAM 45K0G1DEN45.050
333.33256QAM 45K0G1DEN45.050

Tab. 6.6: 100 kHz

100 kHz Rx Baudrate 69.44 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 561)
Classification Sensitivity [dBm] Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FEC Modulation BER 10-2 BER 10-3BER 10-6[dB]
52.08 0.75 DPSK -112-110-106-7
69.441.00 DPSK -111-109-104-7
104.170.75 π/4-DQPSK -111-109-105-10
138.891.00 π/4-DQPSK -110-108-102-11
156.250.75 D8PSK -108-105-100-13
208.331.00 D8PSK -105-101-95-15
208.330.75 16DEQAM -104-101-95-17
277.781.00 16DEQAM -102-99-92-19
312.500,75 64QAM -102-98-91-20
416.661.00 64QAM -98-93-86-23
416.660,75 256QAM -98-94-86-23
555.551.00 256QAM -93-89-83-31

100 kHz
Bitrate [kbps] ModulationEmmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 69.44 kBaud (ETSI EN 302 561)
69.44DPSK 80K0G1DBN80.080
138.89π/4-DQPSK 80K0G1DDN80.080
208.33D8PSK 80K0G1DEN80.080
277.7816DEQAM 80K0G1DEN80.080
416.6664QAM 80K0G1DEN80.080
555.55256QAM 80K0G1DEN80.080

Tab. 6.7: 150 kHz

150 kHz Rx Baudrate 115.74 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 561)
Classification Sensitivity [dBm] Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FEC ModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6[dB]
86.71 0.75 DPSK -110-108-104-7
115.741.00 DPSK -109-107-102-7
173.610.75 π/4-DQPSK -109-107-103-10
231.481.00 π/4-DQPSK -108-106-100-11
260.420.75 D8PSK -106-103-98-13
347.221.00 D8PSK -103-99-93-15
347.220.75 16DEQAM -102-99-93-17
462.961.00 16DEQAM -100-97-90-19
520.830.75 64QAM -100-96-89-20
694.451.00 64QAM -96-91-84-23
694.450.75 256QAM -96-92-84-23
925.931.00 256QAM -91-87-81-31

150 kHz
Bitrate [kbps] ModulationEmmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 115.74 kBaud (ETSI EN 302 561)
115.74DPSK 125KG1DBN125.0125
231.48π/4-DQPSK 125KG1DDN125.0125
347.22D8PSK 125KG1DEN125.0125
462.9616DEQAM 125KG1DEN125.0125
694.4564QAM 125KG1DEN125.0125
925.93256QAM 125KG1DEN125.0125

Tab. 6.8: 200 kHz

200 kHz Rx Baudrate 138.89 kBaud (ETSI EN 300 561)
Classification Sensitivity [dBm] Co-Channel
Rejection
Ratio
Bitrate
[kbps]
FEC ModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6[dB]
104.17 0.75 DPSK -109-107-103-7
138.891.00 DPSK -108-106-101-7
208.330.75 π/4-DQPSK -108-106-102-10
277.781.00 π/4-DQPSK -107-105-99-11
312.500.75 D8PSK -105-102-97-13
416.671.00 D8PSK -102-98-92-15
416.670.75 16DEQAM -101-98-92-17
555.551.00 16DEQAM -99-96-89-19
625.000.75 64QAM -99-95-88-20
833.331.00 64QAM -95-90-83-23
833.330.75 256QAM -95-91-83-23
1111.111.00 256QAM -90-86-80-31

200 kHz
Bitrate [kbps]ModulationEmmision code OBW [kHz]OBW limit [kHz]
Baudrate 138.89 kBaud (ETSI EN 302 561)
138.89DPSK 150KG1DBN150.0175
277.78π/4-DQPSK 150KG1DDN150.0175
416.67D8PSK 150KG1DEN150.0175
555.5616DEQAM 150KG1DEN150.0175
833.3364QAM 150KG1DEN150.0175
1111.11256QAM 150KG1DEN150.0175

Tab. 6.9: MSE

Recommended MSE thresholds
ModulationFEC Mean MSE [dB]
2CPFSK0.75-10
2CPFSK1.00-11
4CPFSK0.75-12
4CPFSK1.00-15
DPSK0.75-10
DPSK1.00-11
π/4-DQPSK0.75-12
π/4-DQPSK1.00-14
8DPSK0.75-17
8DPSK1.00-20
16DEQAM0.75-19
16DEQAM1.00-22
64QAM0.75-24
64QAM1.00-27
256QAM0.75-30
256QAM1.00-33

MSE recommended tresholds

Fig. 6.1: MSE recommended tresholds


Tab. 6.10: Maximal power for individual modulations

Maximum PEP, RMS and PAPR levels
ModulationPEP
Peak Envelope Power
[dBm]
RMS
Average Power
[dBm]
PAPR
Peak to Average Power Ratio

[dB]
2CPFSK40 40 0
4CPFSK40 40 0
DPSK40 37 3
π/4-DQPSK40 37 3
D8PSK40 36 4
16DEQAM40 35 5
64QAM40 34 6
256QAM40 33 7

6.2. Occupied Bandwidth limits overview

Tab. 6.11: Channel spacing 6.25 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]6.25
Occupied BW limit [kHz]55
Modulation typeFSKQAM
RipEX 1 “Mode”FCC, CEFCC
OBW [kHz]3.65.0
Baud rate [kBaud]2.64.34
ComplianceFCC Part 90FCC Part 90

Tab. 6.12: Channel spacing 12.5 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]12.5
Occupied BW limit [kHz]111112.5
Modulation typeFSKQAM
RipEX 1 “Mode”FCC, CEFCCCE
OBW [kHz]7.010.011.9
Baud rate [kBaud]5.218.6810.42
ComplianceREDREDRED
FCC Part 90FCC Part 90 

Tab. 6.13: Channel spacing 25 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]25
Occupied BW limit [kHz]16162025
Modulation typeFSKQAM
RipEX 1 “Mode”CENarrowFCCCE
OBW [kHz]13.815.919.824.0
Baud rate [kBaud]10.4213.8917.3620.83
ComplianceREDREDREDRED
FCC Part 90FCC Part 90FCC Part 90 

Tab. 6.14: Channel spacing 50 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]50
Occupied BW limit [kHz]4050
Modulation typeQAM
RipEX 1 “Mode”CEUnlimited
OBW [kHz]40.045.0
Baud rate [kBaud]34.7241.67
ComplianceREDRED

Tab. 6.15: Channel spacing 100 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]100
Occupied BW limit [kHz]80100
Modulation typeQAM
OBW [kHz]80.090.0
Baud rate [kBaud]69.4483.3
ComplianceRED 

Tab. 6.16: Channel spacing 150 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]150
Occupied BW limit [kHz]125150
Modulation typeQAM
OBW [kHz]125135
Baud rate [kBaud]115.74124.01
ComplianceRED 

Tab. 6.17: Channel spacing 200 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]200
Occupied BW limit [kHz]175200
Modulation typeQAM
OBW [kHz]150180
Baud rate [kBaud]138.89166.67
ComplianceRED 

Tab. 6.18: Channel spacing 250 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]250
Occupied BW limit [kHz]225250
Modulation typeQAM
OBW [kHz]205225
Baud rate [kBaud]189.39208.33

Tab. 6.19: Channel spacing 300 kHz

Channel spacing [kHz]300
Occupied BW limit [kHz]300 
Modulation typeQAM
OBW [kHz]280 
Baud rate [kBaud]260.42