Radio channel and Ethernet combination

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3. Radio channel and Ethernet combination

Example 3 – Radio channel and Ethernet combination

Fig. 3.1: Example 3 – Radio channel and Ethernet combination


3.1. Description

A third example requires you to have an additional one simple switch and two Ethernet cables. Interconnect RipEX_A and RipEX_B via switch – plug the cable into their ETH4 ports.

[Note]Note

It is also possible to interconnect RipEX2 devices directly with a cable only. External switch is not mandatory.

Radio/RF channel cost stay the same for all units, set to 100. The Ethernet path is on 100 Mbps link and BABEL setup will utilize a low cost equal to 10 for this link and a faster BABEL routes propagation, because the RF channel capacity is not an issue on Ethernet.

This example can show you how to utilize BABEL if you have RipEX2 units connected to some fast “backbone” and would like to use RipEX2 link only as a backup; or to route particular radio segment via particular part of the backbone.

[Note]Note

As depicted, example 3 utilizes dual frequency solution from example 2.

3.2. RipEX_A Configuration

Start with ETH4 configuration. Go to the SETTINGS – Interfaces – Ethernet menu. Select ETH4 panel and detach it from a current bridge. Create a new interface called “backbone” and assign 192.168.100.1/24 IP address to it.

RipEX_A – ETH4 configuration

Fig. 3.2: RipEX_A – ETH4 configuration


The last menu is SETTINGS – Routing – BABEL. Within the “Network” tab, add a new interface.

RipEX_A – BABEL setup (ETH)

Fig. 3.3: RipEX_A – BABEL setup (ETH)


Non-default parameters:

Interface

if_backbone

Type

Wired (Ethernet is used, not the RF channel)

Rx cost

10

Advertised next hop

192.168.100.1 (our ETH4 IP address)

Save the current configuration.

3.3. RipEX_B Configuration

A very similar setup is to be done in RipEX_B as well. Set the ETH4 IP address in a new “backbone” bridge to 192.168.100.2/24.

[Note]Note

You can optimize IP usage with /30 mask for “backbone” interface for our example.

RipEX_B – ETH4 setup

Fig. 3.4: RipEX_B – ETH4 setup


Create a new BABEL Network interface.

RipEX_B – BABEL setup (ETH)

Fig. 3.5: RipEX_B – BABEL setup (ETH)


Save the changes.

[Important]Important

Do not forget to increase the Cost in RipEX_C (192.168.3.1) back to 100 for the radio interface.

The configuration should be complete, there is no need to change other settings neither in RipEX_C, nor RipEX_D.

3.4. Diagnostics and Testing

BABEL Routing in RipEX_A state can be similar to:

RipEX_A – BABEL routing

Fig. 3.6: RipEX_A – BABEL routing


Our radio can “see” neighbor on two interfaces, with cost of 10 and 100 and it has three neighbors in total (two neighbors are of RipEX_B).

To each remote subnet, we have three routes. The best one to 192.168.2.0/24 is, of course, via ETH with metric equal to just 10. We can get to 192.168.3.0/24 via one radio hop – metric is 100. And the last 192.168.4.0/24 subnet is accessible with metric equal to 110 (one hop ETH and one radio).

The last table shows four entries in BABEL table – the first one is our RipEX_A and then, three neighboring units with particular Metric/cost.

3.4.1. Tools and Monitoring

As a test, you can (this time) run an ICMP ping test from your laptop connected via ETH1, ETH2 or ETH3 to RipEX_A. Ping a remote 192.168.4.1 RipEX2 ETH IP address. Do not forget to set a default route to 192.168.1.1 or set a static route to 192.168.4.0/24 via 192.168.1.1 on your laptop.

Your laptop should have any other IP address within 192.168.1.0/24 subnet, except .0 (network, .1 RipEX2 and .255 broadcast).

A command and its output from Windows CMD line can be similar to:

C:Windowssystem32>ping 192.168.4.1 -t
Pinging 192.168.4.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=32 time=61ms TTL=62
Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=32 time=48ms TTL=62
Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=32 time=42ms TTL=62
Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=32 time=48ms TTL=62

Verify that data are really sent via Ethernet. Run the Monitoring on ETH4 interface. Enable it, capture both Tx and Rx and limit the output to ICMP data only (All = “Off”, ICMP = “On”). Length can be 0 Bytes, because it is not important for us now. You should see similar ICMP output:

RipEX_A – ETH monitoring

Fig. 3.7: RipEX_A – ETH monitoring


At the same time, enable monitoring on the Radio interface as well. Limit the output to ICMP data only (All = “Off”, ICMP = “On”). There should not be any data now. Unplug the ETH cable from RipEX_A or RipEX_B (the one attached to the switch) and check if data start going through the Radio interface.

RipEX_A – Radio monitoring

Fig. 3.8: RipEX_A – Radio monitoring


Possible BABEL routing while an Ethernet cable is disconnected:

RipEX_A – BABEL routing with Ethernet being disconnected

Fig. 3.9: RipEX_A – BABEL routing with Ethernet being disconnected


If not completely gone, metric for GRE/ETH routes is quickly 65535 and thus, one of the Radio paths is used.

In the ETH4 Statistics, you should see a lot of IPv6 (BABEL) traffic.

RipEX_A – BABEL data on ETH4 interface

Fig. 3.10: RipEX_A – BABEL data on ETH4 interface