Safety, environment, licensing

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10. Safety, environment, licensing

10.1. Frequency

The radio modem must be operated only in accordance with the valid frequency license issued by national frequency authority and all radio parameters have to be set exactly as listed.


Use of frequencies between 406.0 and 406.1 MHz is worldwide-allocated only for International Satellite Search and Rescue System. These frequencies are used for distress beacons and are incessantly monitored by the ground and satellite Cospas-Sarsat system. Other use of these frequencies is forbidden.

10.2. Safety distance

Safety distances with respect to the health limits of the electromagnetic field intensity are in Minimum Safety Distance tables below, calculated for different antennas and RipEX2 power levels. The distances were calculated according to EN 50 385 and EN 50 383 and apply to the far-field region only. Whenever the result is comparable or smaller than the actual size of the respective antenna, the field intensity is even smaller than the far-field based calculation and the safety limit is never exceeded. For the output power 0.2 W or lower the safety limit is not exceeded at any distance and any of the antennas.

The minimal safe distance is typically ensured by the antenna position on a mast. When special installation is required, the conditions of the standard EN 50385: 2002 have to be met. The distance between the persons and antenna shown in the table below comply with all applicable standards for human exposure of general public to RF electromagnetic fields.

Tab. 10.1: Minimum Safety Distance 300–400 MHz

400 MHz/70 cm band – 10 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.913060
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.818080
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.818080
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.420090
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.8310140

400 MHz/70 cm band – 5 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.99040
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.813060
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.813060
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.414070
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.8220100
400 MHz/70 cm band – 4 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.98035
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.811050
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.811050
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.413060
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.820090
400 MHz/70 cm band – 3 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.97030
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.810045
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.810045
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.411050
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.817080
400 MHz/70 cm band – 2 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.96025
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.88035
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.88035
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.49040
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.814070
400 MHz/70 cm band – 1 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.94020
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.86025
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.86025
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.47030
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.810050
400 MHz/70 cm band – 0.5 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.93015
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.84020
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.84020
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.44520
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.87030

10.3. High temperature

If the RipEX2 is operated in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds 55 °C, the RipEX2 must be installed within a restricted access location to prevent human contact with the enclosure heatsink.

10.4. RoHS and WEEE compliance

This product is fully compliant with the European Parliament’s 2011/65/EU RoHS (Restriction of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment) and 2012/19/EU WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) environmental directives.
Used equipment must be collected separately, and disposed of properly. RACOM has instigated a programme to manage the reuse, recycling, and recovery of waste in an environmentally safe manner using processes that comply with the WEEE Directive.

Battery Disposal – This product may contain a battery. Batteries must be disposed of properly, and may not be disposed of as unsorted municipal waste within the European Union. See the product documentation for specific battery information. Batteries are marked with a symbol, which may include lettering to indicate cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), or mercury (Hg). For proper recycling, return the battery to your supplier or to a designated collection point.

EU Declaration of Conformity RoHS, WEEE

Fig. 10.1: EU Declaration of Conformity RoHS, WEEE

10.5. Instructions for Safe Operation of Equipment

Please read these safety instructions carefully before using the product:

  • The radio equipment can only be operated on frequencies stipulated by the body authorized by the radio operation administration in the respective country and cannot exceed the maximum permitted output power. RACOM is not responsible for products used in an unauthorized way.

  • Equipment mentioned in this User manual may only be used in accordance with instructions contained in this manual. Error-free and safe operation of this equipment is only guaranteed if this equipment is transported, stored, operated and controlled in the proper manner. The same applies to equipment maintenance.

  • In order to prevent damage to the radio modem and other terminal equipment the supply must always be disconnected upon connecting or disconnecting the cable to the radio modem data interface. It is necessary to ensure that connected equipment has been grounded to the same potential.

  • Only undermentioned manufacturer is entitled to repair any devices.

10.6. Important Notifications

Sole owner of all rights to this User manual is the company RACOM s. r. o. (in this manual referred to under the abbreviated name RACOM). All rights reserved. Drawing written, printed or reproduced copies of this manual or records on various media or translation of any part of this manual to foreign languages (without written consent of the rights owner) is prohibited.

RACOM reserves the right to make changes in the technical specification or in this product function or to terminate production of this product or to terminate its service support without previous written notification of customers.

Conditions of use of this product software abide by the license mentioned below. The program spread by this license has been freed with the purpose to be useful, but without any specific guarantee. The author or another company or person is not responsible for secondary, accidental or related damages resulting from application of this product under any circumstances.

The maker does not provide the user with any kind of guarantee containing assurance of suitability and usability for his application. Products are not developed, designed nor tested for utilization in devices directly affecting health and life functions of persons and animals, nor as a part of another important device, and no guarantees apply if the company product has been used in these aforementioned devices.


RACOM Open Software License

Version 1.0, November 2009
Copyright (c) 2001, RACOM s.r.o., Mírová 1283, Nové Město na Moravě, 592 31

Everyone can copy and spread word-for-word copies of this license, but any change is not permitted.

The program (binary version) is available for free on the contacts listed on This product contains open source or another software originating from third parties subject to GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Library / Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and / or further author licenses, declarations of responsibility exclusion and notifications. Exact terms of GPL, LGPL and some further licenses is mentioned in source code packets (typically the files COPYING or LICENSE). You can obtain applicable machine-readable copies of source code of this software under GPL or LGPL licenses on contacts listed on This product also includes software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its contributors.


10.7. EU restrictions or requirements notice

Radio equipment used within the EU countries listed bellow:

  • there are restrictions on putting into service or

  • any requirements for authorisation of use.

EU restrictions or requirements

Fig. 10.2: EU restrictions or requirements

The RipEX radio modem predominantly operates within frequency bands that require a site license be issued by the radio regulatory authority with jurisdiction over the territory in which the equipment is being operated.

10.8. EU Declaration of Conformity

EU Declaration of Conformity RED

Fig. 10.3: EU Declaration of Conformity RED

10.9. Simplified EU declaration of conformity

С настоящото RACOM s.r.o. декларира, че този тип радиосъоръжение RipEX2 е в съответствие с Директива 2014/53/ЕС.

Por la presente, RACOM s.r.o. declara que el tipo de equipo radioeléctrico RipEX2 es conforme con la Directiva 2014/53/UE.

Tímto RACOM s.r.o. prohlašuje, že typ rádiového zařízení RipEX2 je v souladu se směrnicí 2014/53/EU.

Hermed erklærer RACOM s.r.o., at radioudstyrstypen RipEX2 er i overensstemmelse med direktiv 2014/53/EU.

Hiermit erklärt RACOM s.r.o., dass der Funkanlagentyp RipEX2 der Richtlinie 2014/53/EU entspricht.

Käesolevaga deklareerib RACOM s.r.o., et käesolev raadioseadme tüüp RipEX2 vastab direktiivi 2014/53/EL nõuetele.

Με την παρούσα ο/η RACOM s.r.o., δηλώνει ότι ο ραδιοεξοπλισμός RipEX2 πληροί την οδηγία 2014/53/ΕΕ.

Hereby, RACOM s.r.o. declares that the radio equipment type RipEX2 is in compliance with Directive 2014/53/EU.

Le soussigné, RACOM s.r.o., déclare que l’équipement radioélectrique du type RipEX2 est conforme à la directive 2014/53/UE.

RACOM s.r.o. ovime izjavljuje da je radijska oprema tipa RipEX2 u skladu s Direktivom 2014/53/EU.

Il fabbricante, RACOM s.r.o., dichiara che il tipo di apparecchiatura radio RipEX2 è conforme alla direttiva 2014/53/UE.

Ar šo RACOM s.r.o. deklarē, ka radioiekārta RipEX2 atbilst Direktīvai 2014/53/ES.

Aš, RACOM s.r.o., patvirtinu, kad radijo įrenginių tipas RipEX2 atitinka Direktyvą 2014/53/ES.

RACOM s.r.o. igazolja, hogy a RipEX2 típusú rádióberendezés megfelel a 2014/53/EU irányelvnek.

B’dan, RACOM s.r.o., niddikjara li dan it-tip ta’ tagħmir tar-radju RipEX2 huwa konformi mad-Direttiva 2014/53/UE.

Hierbij verklaar ik, RACOM s.r.o., dat het type radioapparatuur RipEX2 conform is met Richtlijn 2014/53/EU.

RACOM s.r.o. niniejszym oświadcza, że typ urządzenia radiowego RipEX2 jest zgodny z dyrektywą 2014/53/UE.

O(a) abaixo assinado(a) RACOM s.r.o. declara que o presente tipo de equipamento de rádio RipEX2 está em conformidade com a Diretiva 2014/53/UE.

Prin prezenta, RACOM s.r.o. declară că tipul de echipamente radio RipEX2 este în conformitate cu Directiva 2014/53/UE.

RACOM s.r.o. týmto vyhlasuje, že rádiové zariadenie typu RipEX2 je v súlade so smernicou 2014/53/EÚ.

RACOM s.r.o. potrjuje, da je tip radijske opreme RipEX2 skladen z Direktivo 2014/53/EU.

RACOM s.r.o. vakuuttaa, että radiolaitetyyppi RipEX2 on direktiivin 2014/53/EU mukainen.

Härmed försäkrar RACOM s.r.o. att denna typ av radioutrustning RipEX2 överensstämmer med direktiv 2014/53/EU.

10.10. Warranty

RACOM-supplied parts or equipment (“equipment”) is covered by warranty for inherently faulty parts and workmanship for a warranty period as stated in the delivery documentation from the date of dispatch to the customer. The warranty does not cover custom modifications to software. During the warranty period RACOM shall, on its option, fit, repair or replace (“service”) faulty equipment, always provided that malfunction has occurred during normal use, not due to improper use, whether deliberate or accidental, such as attempted repair or modification by any unauthorised person; nor due to the action of abnormal or extreme environmental conditions such as overvoltage, liquid immersion or lightning strike.

Any equipment subject to repair under warranty must be returned by prepaid freight to RACOM direct. The serviced equipment shall be returned by RACOM to the customer by prepaid freight. If circumstances do not permit the equipment to be returned to RACOM, then the customer is liable and agrees to reimburse RACOM for expenses incurred by RACOM during servicing the equipment on site. When equipment does not qualify for servicing under warranty, RACOM shall charge the customer and be reimbursed for costs incurred for parts and labour at prevailing rates.

This warranty agreement represents the full extent of the warranty cover provided by RACOM to the customer, as an agreement freely entered into by both parties.

RACOM warrants the equipment to function as described, without guaranteeing it as befitting customer intent or purpose. Under no circumstances shall RACOM‘s liability extend beyond the above, nor shall RACOM, its principals, servants or agents be liable for any consequential loss or damage caused directly or indirectly through the use, misuse, function or malfunction of the equipment, always subject to such statutory protection as may explicitly and unavoidably apply hereto.

10.11. RipEX2 maintenance

Visual check – Antenna:
 Draining hole on dipole must be downward pointing
There should be no damaged elements on the antenna
Angle of elevation of antenna
Azimuth (angle of horizontal deviation) in accordance with design
Visual check – Coaxial Cable:
 Mechanical damage
Solar degradation
Entire cable correctly mounted to surface
Connectors tightened to function optimally
Self-vulcanizing tape used for all connections requiring insulation
PSV & RF measurements
Visual check – Cabinet:
 Mechanical damage
Damage resulting in lower categorization for cabinet coverage
Bushings for running cables
Visual check – Electricity Supply:
 Insulation damage
Connection to terminals
Visual check – Accumulator:
 Capacity in accordance with customer requirements
Condition of the accumulator
Functionality check – power source:
Accumulator damage
Full utilization of provided protective coveringsAnnually 
Remove any items which are not part of the installationAnnually 
Fix and secure makeshift installations correctlyAnnually 
Check grounding connectionsAs required 
Check lightning arrester : connectors must be tightenedAs required 
Check data connectors connected including securing screwsAnnually 
Evaluate the RSS and DQ values as a preventive measure against
      the failure of the connection. RSS and DQ values be similar to
      those at time of comissioning.
Check activity logs to detect abnormalities in data transmissionsMonthly 
Check if internal temperature alarm has been triggeredMonthly 
Check that firmware is latest stable version – upgrading FW
      recommended when new features required
As required 

If you are unsure on any of the above please contact RACOM technical support.