Simple Network Management Protocol in RAy2 Units

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3. Simple Network Management Protocol in RAy2 Units

RAy2 utilises SNMP versions SNMPv1 and SNMPv2c – using a community string for authentication, which is by default “snmp-racom“, but can be changed. SNMP uses UDP protocol for communication; delivery checks are implemented from version 2 onwards.

[Note]Note

The RAy2 MIB module complies with Severity level 3 validation.

By default RAy2 uses UDP port 161 (SNMP) for queries. The manager, which sends the query, dynamically chooses the source port. The use of destination port 161 is fixed. RAy2 replies from port 161 to the port dynamically selected by the manager.

RAy2 launches the SNMP agent automatically on start-up if enabled. RAy2 also sends alarm states (traps) to the manager via the port 162 (SNMPTRAP).

[Note]Note

To see the RAy2 MIB table, download it from the RAy2 web interface (Maintenance → Backup → SNMP MIB → Download) and use any document reader you prefer.

3.1. RAy2 SNMP Settings

The SNMP agent is switched off by default. You can enable or disable it in the Link Settings → Service access → Services menu.

RAy2 SNMP settings

Fig. 3.1: RAy2 SNMP settings

The SNMP community string is “racom-snmp” by default, but can be changed to another string.

Up to three SNMP trap IP addresses can be defined. The IP addresses must be delimited with a comma, e.g.”192.168.1.1, 192.168.20.8″. All traps are then sent to all defined IP addresses.

3.1.1. Alarm Status

All system alarms are listed on this screen. Inactive alarms are colored white with an “OK” text label. Active alarms are colored according to the severity of the alarm with a text message describing the measured value status.

Alarms – Status screen

Fig. 3.2: Alarms – Status screen

Alarm severity scale:

  • critical

  • major

  • minor

  • warning

  • OK (cleared)

  • acknowledged (confirmed)

[Note]Note

If you click on the “Alarm” text (if any Alarm is UP) on the top of the screen (next to the exclamation mark), you will be redirected to this Alarms – Status screen.

3.1.2. Alarm Acknowledge

Alarm acknowledgement is a way to let the operator confirm the system is in alarm state. Only an active alarm can be acknowledged.

Multiple selection of active alarms (to acknowledge groups of alarms) can be performed using Shift or Ctrl keys.

Alarm Acknowledge screen

Fig. 3.3: Alarm Acknowledge screen

3.1.3. Alarm Config

The link diagnostic system monitors the operation of the unit. It generates various output of events – system warnings and alarms. The event is always written to the system log and indicated in the status bar and Alarm – Status screen. Some events have adjustable thresholds. Events with no adjustable thresholds may either be Enabled or Disabled. If they are Disabled, the system event is not activated even if the system status is changed. For each event you can choose whether the SNMP trap should be sent if the event occurs.

Alarm Config screen

Fig. 3.4: Alarm Config screen

Configurable traps:

Inside temperature [°C]

– Temperature inside the unit (on the modem board)

Voltage min [V]

– Supply voltage Lower threshold

Voltage max [V]

– Supply voltage Upper threshold

RSS [dBm]

– Received Signal Strength

SNR [dB]

– Signal to Noise Ratio

BER [-]

– Bit Error Rate is registered at the receiving end; instantaneous value

Net bitrate [Mbps]

– The system warning is generated when the radio channel current transfer capacity drops below the set threshold

Air link down

– Radio link interruption

Eth1/Eth2 link down

– Corresponding user Eth link (Eth1/Eth2) on station interrupted

RF Power fail

– Loss of transmit power (not applicable for RAy2-17 and RAy2-24)

[Note]Note

For all these traps, there are also special OIDs for the alarm states. The states can be one of “n/a”, “up”, “down”, “ack”. See the Application “Alarms” within the RAy2 template.