Application notes

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RipEX 

Application notes

version 1.11

11/14/2017
fw 1.7.x.0

Table of Contents

1. Address planning
1.1. End devices connected via serial interface
1.1.1. Flexible Protocol
1.1.2. Base Driven Protocol
1.2. End devices connected over Ethernet
1.2.1. Flexible Protocol
1.2.2. Base Driven Protocol
1.3. Ethernet addressing
1.3.1. Flexible Protocol
1.3.2. Base Driven Protocol
2. SNMP
2.1. Simple Network Management Protocol
2.1.1. How does SNMP work?
2.1.2. SNMP communication
2.1.3. MIB database – Management Information Base
2.2. SNMP in RipEX
2.2.1. Limitations
2.2.2. RipEX SNMP Settings
2.2.3. RipEX Traps/informs Description
2.3. Network Management System – ZABBIX
2.3.1. Installation and Documentation
2.3.2. Templates
2.3.3. How to Import Monitored RipEX Stations?
2.3.4. Value Mappings
2.4. How do I Know that Something Has Happened to the RipEX Station?
2.4.1. Active Querying
2.4.2. SNMP Traps/Informs
2.5. What Else does Zabbix Offer?
2.6. How to Access RipEX GUI from Zabbix
2.6.1. Map URL
2.6.2. Trigger URL
2.6.3. Inventory URL
2.7. Zabbix Alerting via e-mail
2.7.1. E-mail Configuration
2.7.2. Users Configuration
2.7.3. Actions
2.8. RipEX Scripts in Zabbix
2.8.1. Zabbix Configuration
2.9. RipEX MIB Table
2.9.1. RipEX
3. Data speed and Modulations
3.1. Narrowband radio transmitter
3.1.1. Digital modulation for narrowband channel
3.1.2. Adjacent channel power and spectrum efficiency
3.1.3. Transmitter power efficiency
3.2. Narrowband radio receiver
3.2.1. Maximum usable data sensitivity
3.2.2. Efficient use of narrowband radio channel
3.3. Conclusion
4. Autospeed
5. Back-to-Back repeater
5.1. Back to Back in Bridge mode
5.2. Back to Back in Router mode
6. Combining MORSE and RipEX networks
6.1. RipEX part in Bridge mode
6.1.1. Terminal devices connected over Ethernet
6.1.2. Terminal devices connected to COM
6.2. RipEX in Router mode
6.2.1. Terminal devices connected over Ethernet
6.2.2. Terminal devices connected to COM
7. Profibus
7.1. Bridge and Router modes
7.2. Profibus settings
7.3. RipEX settings
7.3.1. Operating mode
7.3.2. COM 2
7.4. Advanced settings
7.4.1. Calculation of minimum slot time
7.4.2. Router mode – timing
8. Modbus TCP/RTU
8.1. Modbus RTU
8.1.1. Modbus RTU with multiple Masters
8.2. Modbus TCP
8.3. Modbus TCP, local TCP/IP connection
8.4. Master – Modbus TCP, slaves – Modbus RTU
8.5. Master Modbus TCP, slaves Modbus RTU or Modbus TCP
8.6. Multiple Modbus TCP or Modbus RTU Masters and Slaves
9. UNI protocol
9.1. MASTER – SLAVE communication
9.2. MASTER – SLAVE with several Masters
9.3. MASTER – MASTER
9.4. MASTER UNI – ASYNC LINK SLAVES
10. Channel access
10.1. Collisions
10.2. Bridge mode
10.2.1. Bridge mode with Repeaters
10.2.2. Time division of responses in Bridge mode
10.3. Bridge mode and COM stream
10.4. Router Mode
10.4.1. Channel access in Router mode
10.4.2. Solving collisions in Router mode
11. ARP Proxy & VLAN
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Transparent LAN (ARP Proxy)
11.3. Transparent VLAN
11.4. Configuration Examples
11.4.1. No ARP Proxy and No VLAN
11.4.2. ARP Proxy
11.4.3. VLAN
11.5. Summary
12. Backup routes
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Backup Routing Management Protocol
12.2.1. Protocol Procedure
12.3. Configuration Examples
12.3.1. Radio/Radio – End Devices Connected via Serial Interface
12.3.2. Radio/Radio – End Devices Connected via Ethernet Interface
12.3.3. Ethernet/Radio
12.4. Summary
13. RipEX Migration Solution
13.1. Introduction
13.2. Main benefits
13.3. Pre-migration checks
13.4. Migration
13.4.1. Polling (Master-Slave) Network
13.5. Report-by-Exception (Collision) network
13.6. Network Expansion
13.7. SCADA Upgrade
13.8. Troubleshooting
13.9. Summary
14. Base Driven Protocol
14.1. Introduction
14.2. Configuration Example
14.2.1. BASE Station configuration
14.2.2. Repeater Station Configuration
14.3. Configuration Verification
14.4. Summary
A. Revision History

List of Figures

1.1. Network 1
1.2. Network with subnets
1.3. Network 1
1.4. Protocol configuration – Base station
1.5. Protocol configuration – Remote station
1.6. Advanced Routing rules – Remote station
1.7. Network 2
1.8. Protocol configuration – Base station
1.9. Simple network – Base driven protocol routing
1.10. Network with standard masks
1.11. Network with narrowed masks
2.1. NMS communication with Slave stations
2.2. Importing Template button
2.3. Importing Template options
2.4. Host MACROs
2.5. Remote Wached values – Item Cloning
2.6. Remote watched values – Latest values
2.7. Defining the Host name and its IP address
2.8. Host template
2.9. Defining the SNMP interface
2.10. RipEX latest data
2.11. RipEX graph
2.12. Linking a value map to an item
2.13. Displaying of RipEX issue
2.14. Definition of RipEX traps
2.15. Default DQ trap item
2.16. Edited DQ trap item
2.17. Enabled DQ trap trigger
2.18. Zabbix dashboard – Status of units
2.19. Basic map with two RipEX stations
2.20. Definition of RipEX station in maps
2.21. Map URL definition
2.22. RAy2 URL Link in maps
2.23. Trigger URL definition
2.24. Issue description used as a link
2.25. Inventory URL definition
2.26. RAy2 URL link in the Inventory
2.27. E-mail configuration
2.28. User’s e-mail
2.29. Action
2.30. Action conditions
2.31. Action Operation
2.32. RipEX scripts
2.33. Script configuration
2.34. Host MACROs
2.35. Scripts in the Maps
3.1. Modulated signal spectrums. (left) 2CPFSK with R=10.4 kBaud, modulation index h~0.6. (right) 2CPFSK with R=17.3 kBaud, modulation index h~0.2. 30 dB attenuator used in series.
3.2. Modulated signal spectrums. (left) 4CPFSK with R=10.4 kBaud, modulation index h~0.3. (right) 4CPFSK with R=17.3 kBaud, modulation index h~0.1.
3.3. Modulated signal spectrums. (left) π/4-DQPSK with R=17.3 kBaud, (right) 16-DEQAM with R=17.3 kBaud.
3.4. Maximum usable sensitivity measurement results for different settings of exponential modulations.
3.5. Maximum usable sensitivity measurement results. Channel separation 25 kHz.
4.1. Autospeed – initial situation
4.2. Autospeed – problem
4.3. Autospeed – solution
5.1. Crosslink serial cable
5.2. Back2Back in bridge mode
5.3. Back2Back in router mode
6.1. RipEX – MR400 in Bridge mode
6.2. Crosslink serial cable
6.3. RipEX – MR400 in Router mode
7.1. RS485 and Radio network
7.2. ACK Off
7.3. RS485 connection
8.1. Modbus RTU
8.2. Modbus RTU with multiple Masters
8.3. Modbus TCP
8.4. Modbus TCP local
8.5. Modbus TCP – RTU
8.6. Modbus TCP, Slave RTU or TCP
8.7. Modbus TCP, Slave RTU or TCP
11.1. Basic ARP proxy usage
11.2. VLAN diagram
11.3. Basic configuration diagram
11.4. RipEX A settings
11.5. RipEX A Routing
11.6. Command Prompt
11.7. Ping results (Basic configuration)
11.8. ARP proxy configuration diagram
11.9. Enabling the ARP proxy
11.10. VLAN configuration diagram
11.11. RipEX A – VLAN configuration
11.12. Adding VLANs in Windows 7
11.13. Monitoring ping packets with VLAN tags
11.14. VLAN configuration diagram #2
11.15. RipEX B VLAN configuration
11.16. RipEX B Routing table
11.17. 15 Management VLAN diagram
12.1. Backup routes functionality example
12.2. Network topology 1
12.3. RipEX A Routing menu – example #1
12.4. RipEX B Routing menu – example #1
12.5. RipEX C Routing menu – example #3
12.6. RipEX A – Policy button
12.7. RipEX A – Alternative path RSS change
12.8. RipEX A – Backup path is Up
12.9. Network topology 2
12.10. RipEX A Routing menu – example #2
12.11. RipEX B Routing menu – example #2
12.12. RipEX C Routing menu – example #2
12.13. Default Policy values
12.14. Successful ping packets – primary (indirect) path
12.15. RipEX A Routing menu – RipEX B switched off
12.16. RipEX A Ping packets – backup (direct) path
12.17. Network topology 3
12.18. RipEX A Routing menu – example #3
12.19. Hello packet period set to one second
12.20. RipEX B Routing menu – example #3
13.1. Polling, Protocol implemented, One frequency
13.2. RS232 crosslink cable
13.3. CAB-MIG
13.4. Master (central) RipEX, COM1
13.5. Master (central) RipEX, COM1, Address translation Table
13.6. Master (central) RipEX, COM1 Address translation, no more legacy network
13.7. Master (central) RipEX, COM2
13.8. Remote RipEX configuration (only Radio IP is different for individual remotes)
13.9. Polling, Protocol not implemented, Two frequencies
13.10. RS232 ‘Y’ cable
13.11. Report-by-exception, Protocol implemented, Two frequencies
14.1. Star topology with repeater
14.2. Star topology with repeaters and hidden remotes
14.3. Base driven protocol example topology
14.4. Base station Settings
14.5. Base station protocol configuration
14.6. Base station Routing menu
14.7. Repeater station Settings
14.8. Repeater station Protocol conf iguration
14.9. Repeater station Routing rules
14.10. RSS Ping
14.11. Radio channel Monitoring – Modulation rate (B – 16DEQAM, 0 – no FEC)