Safety, environment, licensing

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10. Safety, environment, licensing

10.1. Frequency

The radio modem must be operated only in accordance with the valid frequency license issued by national frequency authority and all radio parameters have to be set exactly as listed.

[Important]Important

Use of frequencies between 406.0 and 406.1 MHz is worldwide-allocated only for International Satellite Search and Rescue System. These frequencies are used for distress beacons and are incessantly monitored by the ground and satellite Cospas-Sarsat system. Other use of these frequencies is forbidden.

10.2. Safety distance

Safety distances with respect to the US health limits of the electromagnetic field intensity are in Minimum Safety Distance tables below, calculated for different antennas and RipEX power levels. The distances were calculated according to EN 50 385 and EN 50 383 and apply to the far-field region only. Whenever the result is comparable or smaller than the actual size of the respective antenna, the field intensity is even smaller than the far-field based calculation and the safety limit is never exceeded. For the output power 0.2 W or lower the safety limit is not exceeded at any distance and any of the antennas.

The minimal safe distance is typically ensured by the antenna position on a mast. When special installation is required, the conditions of the standard EN 50385: 2002 have to be met. The distance between the persons and antenna shown in the table bellow comply with all applicable standards for human exposure of general public to RF electromagnetic fields.

Tab. 10.1: Minimum Safety Distance 160 MHz

160 MHz/2 m band – 10 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.919090
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.8270120
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.3280130
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.8460210
160 MHz/2 m band – 5 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.914060
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.819090
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.320090
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.8330150
160 MHz/2 m band – 4 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.912060
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.817080
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.318080
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.8290130
160 MHz/2 m band – 3 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.911045
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.815070
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.315070
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.8260120
160 MHz/2 m band – 2 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.99040
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.812060
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.313060
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.8210100
160 MHz/2 m band – 1 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV160.1single dipole4.62.96030
OV160.2stacked double dipole7.65.89040
SA160.33 element directional Yagi8.06.39040
SA160.55 element directional Yagi12.517.815070

Tab. 10.2: Minimum Safety Distance 216–220 MHz

216–220 MHz – 10 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV200.1single dipole4.62.913565
OV200.2stacked double dipole7.65.819590
SA200.33 element directional Yagi7.65.819590

Tab. 10.3: Minimum Safety Distance 300–400 MHz

300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 10 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.913060
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.818080
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.818080
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.420090
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.8310140
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 5 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.99040
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.813060
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.813060
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.414070
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.8220100
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 4 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.98035
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.811050
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.811050
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.413060
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.820090
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 3 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.97030
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.810045
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.810045
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.411050
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.817080
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 2 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.96025
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.88035
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.88035
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.49040
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.814070
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 1 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.94020
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.86025
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.86025
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.47030
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.810050
300–400 MHz/70 cm band – 0.5 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV380.1single dipole4.62.93015
OV380.2stacked double dipole7.65.84020
SA380.33 element directional Yagi7.65.84020
SA380.55 element directional Yagi8.77.44520
SA380.99 element directional Yagi12.517.87030

Tab. 10.4: Minimum Safety Distance 928–960 MHz

928–960 MHz – 8 W RF power
Antenna codeAntenna descriptionGain G [dBi]Gain G [–]Dist. where the FCC limits are met for
General Population / Uncontrolled Exposure [cm]General Population / Controlled Exposure [cm]
OV900.1single dipole4.652.9269.030.8
SA900.55 element directional Yagi8.657.33109.348.9
SA900.1212 element directional Yagi14.1526.0205.992.1

10.3. High temperature

If the RipEX is operated in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds 55 °C, the RipEX must be installed within a restricted access location to prevent human contact with the enclosure heatsink.

10.4. RoHS and WEEE compliance

The RipEX is fully compliant with the European Commission’s RoHS (Restriction of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment) and WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) environmental directives.

   Restriction of hazardous substances (RoHS)

The RoHS Directive prohibits the sale in the European Union of electronic equipment containing these hazardous substances: lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

End-of-life recycling programme (WEEE)

The WEEE Directive concerns the recovery, reuse, and recycling of electronic and electrical equipment. Under the Directive, used equipment must be marked, collected separately, and disposed of properly. Racom has instigated a programme to manage the reuse, recycling, and recovery of waste in an environmentally safe manner using processes that comply with the WEEE Directive (EU Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment 2002/96/EC).

Battery Disposal—This product may contain a battery. Batteries must be disposed of properly, and may not be disposed of as unsorted municipal waste in the European Union. See the product documentation for specific battery information. Batteries are marked with a symbol, which may include lettering to indicate cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), or mercury (Hg). For proper recycling return the battery to your supplier or to a designated collection point.

10.5. Hazardous locations

RipEX unit shall be used in hazardous locations with following specification:
II 3G   Ex ic IIC T4 Gc
according to IEC 60079-0 standard under following conditions:
  • Installation has to be done with conformity to standard EN 60079-25 Explosive atmospheres –
    Intrinsically safe electrical systems, with special attention to lightning protection.

  • The unit must be powered with an intrinsically safe power source.

  • The antenna has to be installed outside the hazardous zone.

  • Do not manipulate the RipEX (e.g. plug or unplug connectors) unless powered down or the area is known to be non-hazardous.

  • Only USB equipment dedicated for hazardous locations shall remain connected permanently.

  • Repairs, including exchange of internal battery, shall only be undertaken by an authorized repair shop.

  • This equipment is not intended to withstand particularly adverse service conditions (for example, rough handling, humidity effects, ambient temperature variations, effects of chemical agents, corrosion).

    [Important]Important

    DO NOT HANDLE UNLESS THE AREA IS KNOWN TO BE NON-HAZARDOUS

For individual interface maximum voltage and current see the following table:

Tab. 10.5: Maximum voltage and current of individual interfaces

IN/OUTmax. voltagemax. currentmin. cross section
of Cu wire
recommended
DC Power30 VDC5 A
0.5 mm2
V03VH-H 2×0.5
SI30 VDC10 mA
0.5 mm2
V03VH-H 1×0.5
Alarm input30 VDC10 mA
0.5 mm2
V03VH-H 1×0.5
Alarm output30 VDC2 A
0.5 mm2
V03VH-H 1×0.5
RS232±15 VDC60 mA
0.14 mm2
LiYCY 4×0.14
RS485±15 VDC60 mA
0.14 mm2
LiYCY 4×0.14
USB5 VDC0.5 A
0.5 mm2
 
Ethernet RJ45±2.5 VDC 
 
STP CAT 5E

See Fig. 10.2, “ATEX Certificate RipEX”

10.6. Conditions of Liability for Defects and Instructions for Safe Operation of Equipment

Please read these safety instructions carefully before using the product:

  • Liability for defects does not apply to any product that has been used in a manner which conflicts with the instructions contained in this operator manual, or if the case in which the radio modem is located has been opened, or if the equipment has been tampered with.

  • The radio equipment can only be operated on frequencies stipulated by the body authorised by the radio operation administration in the respective country and cannot exceed the maximum permitted output power. RACOM is not responsible for products used in an unauthorised way.

  • Equipment mentioned in this operator manual may only be used in accordance with instructions contained in this manual. Error-free and safe operation of this equipment is only guaranteed if this equipment is transported, stored, operated and controlled in the proper manner. The same applies to equipment maintenance.

  • In order to prevent damage to the radio modem and other terminal equipment the supply must always be disconnected upon connecting or disconnecting the cable to the radio modem data interface. It is necessary to ensure that connected equipment has been grounded to the same potential.

  • Only undermentioned manufacturer is entitled to repair any devices.

10.7. Important Notifications

Sole owner of all rights to this operating manual is the company RACOM s. r. o. (further in this manual referred to under the abbreviated name RACOM). All rights reserved. Drawing written, printed or reproduced copies of this manual or records on various media or translation of any part of this manual to foreign languages (without written consent of the rights owner) is prohibited.

RACOM reserves the right to make changes in the technical specification or in this product function or to terminate production of this product or to terminate its service support without previous written notification of customers.

Conditions of use of this product software abide by the license mentioned below. The program spread by this license has been freed with the purpose to be useful, but without any specific guarantee. The author or another company or person is not responsible for secondary, accidental or related damages resulting from application of this product under any circumstances.

The maker does not provide the user with any kind of guarantee containing assurance of suitability and usability for his application. Products are not developed, designed nor tested for utilization in devices directly affecting health and life functions of persons and animals, nor as a part of another important device, and no guarantees apply if the company product has been used in these aforementioned devices.

 

RACOM Open Software License

Version 1.0, November 2009
Copyright (c) 2001, RACOM s.r.o., Mírová 1283, Nové Město na Moravě, 592 31

Everyone can copy and spread word-for-word copies of this license, but any change is not permitted.

The program (binary version) is available for free on the contacts listed on http://www.racom.eu. This product contains open source or another software originating from third parties subject to GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Library / Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and / or further author licences, declarations of responsibility exclusion and notifications. Exact terms of GPL, LGPL and some further licences is mentioned in source code packets (typically the files COPYING or LICENSE). You can obtain applicable machine-readable copies of source code of this software under GPL or LGPL licences on contacts listed on http://www.racom.eu. This product also includes software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its contributors.

 

10.8. Product Conformity

RACOM declares that the RipEX radio modem & router is in conformity with the essential requirements and other relevant requirements of the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council 1999/5/EC on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity.
Declaration of Conformity RipEX

Fig. 10.1: Declaration of Conformity RipEX

ATEX Certificate RipEX
ATEX Certificate RipEX
ATEX Certificate RipEX

Fig. 10.2: ATEX Certificate RipEX

IECEx Certificate RipEX
IECEx Certificate RipEX
IECEx Certificate RipEX

Fig. 10.3: IECEx Certificate RipEX

IECEx Certification is available on http://iecex.iec.ch/iecex/iecexweb.nsf OpenDocument web page.

10.9. Compliance Federal Communications Commission

Tab. 10.6: Compliance Federal Communications Commission

CodeFCC partFCC ID
RipEX-13590SQT-RIPEX-135
RipEX-15490SQT-RIPEX-154
RipEX-21590SQT-RIPEX-215
RipEX-40090SQTRA400-400
RipEX-43290SQTRA400-432
RipEX-928101SQT-RIPEX-928

10.10. Country of Origin

Country of Origin declaration for RipEX

Fig. 10.4: Country of Origin declaration for RipEX

10.11. Warranty

RACOM-supplied parts or equipment (“equipment”) is covered by warranty for inherently faulty parts and workmanship for a warranty period as stated in the delivery documentation from the date of dispatch to the customer. The warranty does not cover custom modifications to software. During the warranty period RACOM shall, on its option, fit, repair or replace (“service”) faulty equipment, always provided that malfunction has occurred during normal use, not due to improper use, whether deliberate or accidental, such as attempted repair or modification by any unauthorised person; nor due to the action of abnormal or extreme environmental conditions such as overvoltage, liquid immersion or lightning strike.

Any equipment subject to repair under warranty must be returned by prepaid freight to RACOM direct. The serviced equipment shall be returned by RACOM to the customer by prepaid freight. If circumstances do not permit the equipment to be returned to RACOM, then the customer is liable and agrees to reimburse RACOM for expenses incurred by RACOM during servicing the equipment on site. When equipment does not qualify for servicing under warranty, RACOM shall charge the customer and be reimbursed for costs incurred for parts and labour at prevailing rates.

This warranty agreement represents the full extent of the warranty cover provided by RACOM to the customer, as an agreement freely entered into by both parties.

RACOM warrants the equipment to function as described, without guaranteeing it as befitting customer intent or purpose. Under no circumstances shall RACOM’s liability extend beyond the above, nor shall RACOM, its principals, servants or agents be liable for any consequential loss or damage caused directly or indirectly through the use, misuse, function or malfunction of the equipment, always subject to such statutory protection as may explicitly and unavoidably apply hereto.