Product


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4. Product

RipEX is built into a rugged die-cast aluminium casing that allows for multiple installation possibilities, see Section 6.1, “Mounting”.

4.1. Dimensions

RipEX dimensions

Fig. 4.1: RipEX dimensions

RipEX dimensions – bottom

Fig. 4.2: RipEX dimensions – bottom

RipEX with DIN rail

Fig. 4.3: RipEX with DIN rail

RipEX dimensions with connectors

Fig. 4.4: RipEX dimensions with connectors

For more information see Section 6.1.1, “DIN rail mounting” and Section 6.1.2, “Flat mounting”

4.2. Connectors

All connectors are located on the front panel. The upper side features an LED panel. The RESET button is located in an opening in the bottom side.

Connectors

Fig. 4.5: Connectors

Warning – hazardous locations
Do not manipulate the RipEX (e.g. plug or unplug connectors) unless powered down or the area is known to be non-hazardous.

4.2.1. Antenna

Antenna connector TNC

Fig. 4.6: Antenna connector TNC

An antenna can connect to RipEX via TNC female 50Ω connector.

A model with two antenna connectors can be supplied to order, in which the Rx and Tx antennas are separate. This model is typically used on communication towers where one Rx and one Tx antennas are common for most devices.

See chapter Section 4.5, “Model offerings”.

[Note]Note

Frequency split (different Rx and Tx frequency) is independent from the presence of two antenna connectors. It can be set even on standard RipEX with one antenna connector.

Warning – hazardous locations
Antenna has to be installed outside of the hazardous zone.
Separated Rx and TX antennas

Fig. 4.7: Separated Rx and TX antennas

Warning: RipEX radio modem may be damaged when operated without an antenna or a dummy load.

4.2.2. Power and Control

This rugged connector connects to a power supply and it contains control signals. A Plug with screw-terminals and retaining screws for power and control connector is supplied with each RipEX. It is Tyco 7 pin terminal block plug, part No. 1776192-7, contact pitch 3.81 mm. The connector is designed for electric wires with a cross section of 0.5 to 1.5 mm2. Strip the wire leads to 6 mm (1/4 inch). Isolated cables should receive PKC 108 or less end sleeves before they are inserted in the clip. Insert the cables in the wire ports, tightening securely.

Tab. 4.1: Pin assignement

pinlabeledsignal
1SISLEEP INPUT
2AIHW ALARM INPUT
3−(GND) – for SLEEP IN, HW ALARM INPUT
4++(POWER) – for HW ALARM OUTPUT
5AOHW ALARM OUTPUT
6+10–30VDC+POWER (10 to 30 V)
7−10–30VDC−POWER (GND)

Pins 3 and 7, 4 and 6 are connected internally.

Warning – hazardous locations
The unit must be powered with an intrinsic save power source for use in hazardous locations.
Supply connector

Fig. 4.8: Supply connector

Power and Control - cable plug

Fig. 4.9: Power and Control – cable plug

 

SLEEP INPUT

SLEEP INPUT is the digital input for activating the Sleep mode. When this pin is grounded (for example when connected to pin 3), the RipEX switches into the Sleep mode. Using Power management (Advanced Config.), the Entering the Sleep mode can be delayed by a set time. Disconnecting SLEEP INPUT from GND (-) ends the Sleep mode. Note that RipEX takes 48 seconds to wake up from the Sleep mode.

SLEEP INPUT can be also used for the wake-up from the Save state. For details see chapter (Advanced Config., Power management)

HW ALARM INPUT

HWALARM INPUT is a digital input. If grounded (e.g. by connecting to PIN 3), an external alarm is triggered. This alarm can be used for example to transmit information using SNMP trap, informing for instance about a power outage or RTU problem. For details about Alarm management see chapter Advanced Configuration.

HW ALARM OUTPUT

HW ALARM OUTPUT is a digital output. It can be activated in Alarm management settings, chapter Advanced Configuration. It may be used for instance to inform the connected RTU about a RipEX alarm or about the Unit ready status. If an alarm is triggered, HW ALARM OUTPUT is internally connected to GND. If the external device requires connection to positive terminal of the power supply, PIN 4 should be used.

POWER

The POWER pins labelled + and – serve to connect a power supply 10–30 VDC. The requirements for a power supply are defined in Section 6.6, “Power supply” and Section 4.4, “Technical specification”.

4.2.3. ETH

Standard RJ45 connector for ethernet connection. RipEX has 10/100 BaseT Auto MDI/MDIX interface so it can connect to 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps ethernet network. The speed can be selected manually or recognised automatically by RipEX. RipEX is provided with Auto MDI/MDIX function which allows it to connect over both standard and cross cables, adapting itself automatically.

Pin assignement

RJ-45F

Fig. 4.10: RJ-45F

Tab. 4.2: Ethernet to cable connector connections

PINSignalDirect cableCrossed cable
1TX+ orange – white green – white
2TX− orange green
3RX+ green – white orange – white
4 blue blue
5 blue – white blue – white
6Rx− green orange
7 brown – white brown – white
8 brown brown

4.2.4. COM1 and COM2

RipEX provides two serial interfaces COM1 and COM2 terminated by DSUB9F connectors. COM1 is always RS232, COM2 can be configured as RS232 or RS485 (more in Adv. Conf., COM’s).

RipEX‘s RS232 is a hard-wired DCE (Data Communication Equipment) device. Equipment connected to the RipEX’s serial ports should be DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) and a straight-through cable should be used. If a DCE device is connected to the RipEX‘s serial ports, a null modem adapter or cross cable has to be used.

Serial connector

Fig. 4.11: Serial connector

Tab. 4.3: COM1, 2 pin description

DSUB9FCOM1, 2 – RS232COM2 – RS485
pinsignalIn/ OutsignalIn/ Out
1CDOut
2RxDOutline BIn/Out
3TxDInline AIn/Out
4DTRIn
5GNDGND
6DSROut
7RTSIn
8CTSOut
9

RipEX keeps pin 6 DSR at the level of 1 by RS232 standard permanently.

4.2.5. USB

RipEX uses USB 1.1, Host A interface. USB interface is wired as standard:

Serial connector

Fig. 4.12: Serial connector

Tab. 4.4: USB pin description

USB pinsignalwire
1+5 Vred
2Data(−)white
3Data (+)green
4GNDblack

The USB interface is designed for the connection to an – external ETH/USB adapter or a Wifi adapter. They are optional accessories to RipEX, for more details see Section 5.3, “Connecting RipEX to a programming PC”. The adapters are used for service access to RipEX’s web configuration interface.

The USB interface can also be used for an external flash disc connection, which has been specifically designed to simplify complex maintenance tasks, so that these tasks can be performed by unqualified personnel in the field by simple plugging-in an USB stick and waiting untill a LED flashes.

The USB connector also provides power supply (5 V/ 0.5 A). It can be used to temporarily power a connected device, for instance a telephone. The USB connector should not be used as permanent source of power supply.

Note – hazardous locations
Only USB equipments dedicated for hazardous locations shall remain connected permanently.

External USB flash disc

An external USB flash disc can be used for firmware upgrade, SW keys upload, configuration backup and restore, ssl certificate and ssh keys upload and tech-support package download. Any common USB stick with several megabytes of free space can be used for these tasks.

[Note]Note

The flash disc has to contain the FAT32 file system (the most common one at the time of writting). Any other file system will be simply ignored by the RipEX. When in doubt, consult your IT expert.

Once the RipEX recognizes a flash disc inserted into the USB interface, the status LED starts blinking slowly, alternating red and green colors. That indicates the start of the upload/download of files. The LED flashing may change during the process, the successful completion of the recording is indicated by fast alternating green and red flashes (about 3 times per second). Note that it may take up to 10 minutes (when an FW upgrade is performed).

[Warning]Warning

NEVER unplug the USB disc before the proper (fast) flashing of the status LED starts! You may damage your disc otherwise.

Following a successful detection of a USB flash disc, the RipEX writes the tech-support package, log files and the configuration text file to it. Then the README.txt file, which contains all the necessary information on the structure and names of files and directories, is written into the root directory of the disc. Please follow the detailed instructions in that file.

[Note]Note

Whenever an FW file (.cpio) is found in the root directory of the disc, the upgrade is executed automatically, regardless of the version of the currently active FW. If more than one FW file is found, the latest version is used. Remember to remove the FW files from the disk root when you do not intend to perform an upgrade. The same principles apply to a configuration update from the disc.

4.2.6. Reset button

Reset button

Fig. 4.13: Reset button

RipEX’s bottom-side enclosure includes a reset button accessible through an opening. When this button is pressed, the STATUS diode on the LED panel goes dark (indicating that the button has been pressed). If you hold the button for 5 seconds, the STATUS diode starts flashing slowly indicating that the reset is complete. If you continue to hold the button for 15 or more seconds (the STATUS diode starts flashing quickly) and then release it, you will reset the device’s access information to default:

ETH IP and Mask:192.168.169.169/24
ETH Default GW:0.0.0.0
ETH Speed:Auto
DHCP:Off
ARP proxy & VLAN:Off
Firewall:Off
Hot Standby:Off
Routing table:Deleted
Management:Default (Web server=HTTP+HTTPS, CLI=SSH)
Username:admin
Password:admin
[Note]Note

To reset the RipEX only use the RESET button as described above or use the button in RipEX’s web configuration, see Adv. Conf., Maintenance. Never use a power cycling (disconnecting and reconnecting power supply) to reset it. While power cycle resets, or rather reboots the RipEX, its software will not terminate correctly resulting in logs, statistics and graphs not being saved properly.

4.2.7. GPS

GPS Connector SMA

Fig. 4.14: GPS Connector SMA

RipEX can be equipped with an internal GPS, see Section 4.5, “Model offerings”. The GPS module is used for time synchronisation of the NTP server inside RipEX. See Adv. Conf., Time for more. In this case the front panel contains a SMA female 50 ohm connector for connecting the GPS antenna.

 

4.3. Indication LEDs

Indication LEDs

Fig. 4.15: Indication LEDs

Tab. 4.5: Key to LEDs

 ColorDescription
STATUSGreenThe RipEX OS (Linux) is running succesfuly
DarkReset button has been pressed
Green flashes slowlyreset after five-seconds pressing the Reset button
Green flashes quicklydefault access after 15-seconds pressing the Reset button
Red flashes quicklyEmergency
RedAlarm
TXGreen
blinks with a period of 1 sec
GPS module synchronized,
for RipEX-xxxG model only
Redtransmitting to radio channel
RXGreenreceiver is synchronised to a packet
Yellowthere is a signal stronger than
−80 dBm on Radio channel
COM2Greendata receiving
Yellowdata transmitting
COM1Greendata receiving
Yellowdata transmitting
ETHYellow ON100 Mb/s speed
Yellow OFF10 Mb/s speed
Green ONconnected
Green flashesethernet data
PWRGreenpowered succesfuly
Blinks with a period of 1 secSave mode
Flashes once per 3 secSleep mode
Alarm

– is “On” when any controlled item in Alarm management, (see Adv. Conf., Alarm management for more) is in alarm status (out of thresholds) and “SNMP Trap”, “HW Alarm Output” or “Detail graphs start” for any line in the Alarm configuration table are checked.

Emergency

– Emergency status is an undefined RipEX status either because of a SW or HW problem when RipEX does not function properly. Maintenance web page is mostly accessible even in Emergency status. If the problem cannot be eliminated after a power cycle, send the unit to RACOM for repair.

4.4. Technical specification

Tab. 4.6: Technical parameters

     Radio parameters
Frequency bands135–154; 154–174; 215–240; 300–320; 320–340; 340–360; 368–400; 400–432; 432–470; 470–512; 928–960 MHz – Detail
Channel spacing6.25 / 12.5 / 25 / 50 kHz[1]
Frequency stability±1.0 ppm
ModulationLinear: 16DEQAM, D8PSK, π/4DQPSK, DPSK
Exponential (FM): 4CPFSK, 2CPFSK
Detail
RF Data rate – CE
 
Detail
50 kHzLin.: 139 – 104 – 69 – 35 kbps
Exp.: 42 – 21 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
25 kHz83 – 63 – 42 – 21 kbps
21 – 10 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
12.5 kHz42 – 31 – 21 kbps
10 – 5 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
6.25 kHz21 – 16 – 10 – 5 kbps
5 – 3 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
RF Data rate – FCC
 
Detail
50 kHzLin.: 139 – 104 – 69 – 35 kbps
Exp.: 42 – 21 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
25 kHz69 – 52 – 35 kbps[2]
21 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
12.5 kHz35 – 26 – 17 kbps
10 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
6.25 kHz17 – 13 – 9 kbps
5 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
RF Data rate – Unlimited
 
Detail
50 kHzLin.: 166 – 125 – 83 – 42 kbps
Exp.: 42 – 21 kbps
max. 2 W
max. 10 W
FEC (Forward Error Correction)On/Off, ¾ Trellis code with Viterbi soft-decoder
     Transmitter
RF Output power
(Both Carrier and Modulated)
Linear: 0.5 – 1.0 – 2.0 W
Exponential(FM): 0.1 – 0.2 – 0.5 – 1.0 – 2.0 – 3.0 – 4.0 – 5.0 – 10 W[3]
Duty cycleContinuous
Rx to Tx Time< 1.5 ms
Intermodulation Attenuation> 40 dB
Spurious Emissions (Conducted)< −36 dBm
Radiated Spurious Emissions< −36 dBm
Adjacent channel power< −60 dBc
Transient adjacent channel power< −60 dBc
     Receiver
Sensitivity Detail
Anti-aliasing Selectivity50 kHz @ −3 dB BW
Tx to Rx Time< 1.5 ms
Maximum Receiver Input Power20 dBm (100 mW)
Rx Spurious Emissions (Conducted)< −57 dBm
Radiated Spurious Emissions< −57 dBm
Blocking or desensitization Detail
Spurious response rejection> 70 dB
           [1] 50 kHz channel spacing is HW dependend. Units with older version boards
                are still in production.
                50 kHz channel spacing requirement kindly specify in your order.
                6.25 kHz channel spacing is not available for RipEX-928.
           [2] RipEX-928: 56 – 42 – 28 kbps.
           [3] For output power 10 W it is recommended to use input power above 11 VDC.
                RipEX-470, RipEX-928 – max. RF Output power 8 W.
     Electrical
Primary power10 to 30 VDC, negative GND
Rx5 W/13.8 V;   4.8 W/24 V;   (Radio part < 2 W)
Tx
4CPFSK, 2CPFSK
RF powerPower consumption
 13.8 V                   24V
0.1 W13.8 W                 13.2 W
1 W15.2 W                 14.4 W
5 W33.1 W                 31.2 W
10 W41.4 W                 38.4 W
Tx
16DEQAM, D8PSK,
π/4DQPSK
0.5 W30.4 W                 30 W
1 W30.4 W                 30 W
2 W30.4 W                 30 W
Sleep mode0.1 W
Save mode2 W
     Interfaces
Ethernet10/100 Base-T Auto MDI/MDIXRJ45
COM 1RS232DB9F
300–115 200 bps 
COM 2RS232/RS485 SW configurableDB9F
300–115 200 bps 
USBUSB 1.1Host A
Antenna50 ΩTNC female
     LED panel
7× tri-color status LEDsPower, ETH, COM1, COM2, Rx, Tx, Status
     Enviromental
IP Code (Ingress Protection)IP40
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure)> 900.000 hours (> 100 years)
Operating temperature−40 to +70 °C (−40 to +158 °F)
Operating humidity5 to 95 % non-condensing
Storage−40 to +85 °C (−40 to +185 °F) / 5 to 95 % non-condensing
     Mechanical
CasingRugged die-cast aluminium
Dimensions50 H × 150 W × 118 mm D (1.97× 5.9 × 4.65 in)
Weight1.1 kg (2.4 lbs)
MountingDIN rail, L-bracket, Flat-bracket, 19″ Rack shelf
     SW
Operating modesBridge / Router
User protocols on COMModbus, IEC101, DNP3, UNI, Comli, DF1, RP570, Profibus, …
User protocols on EthernetModbus TCP, IEC104, DNP3 TCP, Comli TCP, Terminal server…
Serial to IP convertorsModbus RTU / Modbus TCP, DNP3 / DNP3 TCP
Protocol on Radio channel
  Multi master applicationsYes
  Report by exceptionYes
  Collision Avoidance CapabilityYes
  Remote to Remote communicationYes
  Addressed & acknowledged serial
  SCADA protocols
Yes
  Data integrity controlCRC 32
  EncryptionAES256
  Optimizationup to 3× higher throughput
     Diagnostic and Management
Radio link testingYes (ping with RSS, Data Quality, Homogenity)
Watched values (Can be broadcast to neighbouring units. Received info displayed in Neighbours table)Device – Ucc, Temp, PWR, VSWR, *HW Alarm Input.
Radio channel – *RSScom, *DQcom, TXLost[%]
User interfaces – ETH[Rx/Tx], COM1[Rx/Tx], COM2[Rx/Tx]
* not broadcast
StatisticsFor Rx/Tx Packets on User interfaces (ETH, COM1, COM2) and for User data and Radio protocol (Repeates, Lost, ACK etc.) on Radio channel
GraphsFor Watched values and Statistics
History (Statistics, Neighbours, Graphs)20 periods (configurable, e.g. days)
SNMPSNMPv1, SNMPv2c
Trap alarms generation as per settings
MonitoringReal time/Save to file analysis of all physical interfaces (RADIO, ETH, COM1, COM2) and some internal interfaces between software modules (e.g. Terminal servers, Modus TCP server etc.)
     Standards
CE, FCC, ATEX, IECEx 
Spectrum (art 3.2)ETSI EN 300 113-2 V1.5.1
ETSI EN 302 561 V1.3.2
 FCC Part 90, FCC Part 101
EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) (art 3.1.b)ETSI EN 301 489-1 V1.9.2
ETSI EN 301 489-5 V1.3.1
Electric power substations environmentIEEE 1613:2009 Class 1
Safety (art 3.1.a)EN 60950-1:2006
EN 60950–1:2006/A11:2009,
EN 60950–1:2006/A12:2011,
EN 60950–1:2006/A1:2010
Vibration & shockEN 61373:1999
Seismic qualificationIEC 980:1989 (seismic category 1a)
Explosive atmospheres  II 3G   Ex ic IIC T4 Gc
EN 60079-0:2012, IEC60079-0:2011, UL60079-0:2013
EN 60079-11:2012, IEC60079-11:2011, UL60079-11:2013

Tab. 4.7: Recommended Cables

PortRecommended cables and accessoriesLenght
DC terminals – PowerV03VH-H 2×0,5Max. 3 m
SI (Sleep Input)V03VH-H 1×0,5Max. 3 m
AI (Alarm Input)V03VH-H 1×0,5Max. 3 m
AO (Alarm Outout)V03VH-H 1×0,5Max. 3 m
COM1LiYCY 4×0,14Max. 3 m
COM2LiYCY 4×0,14Max. 3 m
USBUSB to 10/100 Ethernet Adapter ADE-X5Max. 3 m
ETHSTP CAT 5eAs needed
Note – hazardous locations
The cross sections mentioned in above table are the minimal cross sections used under hazardous location conditions.

4.4.1. Detailed Radio parameters

The very first parameter which is often required for consideration is the receiver sensitivity. Anyone interested in the wireless data transmission probably aware what this parameter means, but we should regard it simultaneously in its relation to other receiver parameters, especially blocking and desensitization. Today’s wireless communication arena tends to be overcrowded and a modern radio modem, which is demanded to compete with others in that environment, should have good dynamic range that is defined by the parameters listed above. Receiver of a radio modem, which is designed purely for optimum sensitivity, will not be able to give proper performance. However, the main receiver parameters determining its dynamic range go against each other and a clear trade-off between the sensitivity and the blocking is therefore an essential assumption. Then, from the viewpoint of a logical comparison, the consequence of better receiver sensitivity can be easily seen – a lower power level of the blocking and degradation parameters generally.

Blocking or desensitization values were determined according to the standards EN 302 561 V1.2.1 for 50 kHz channel, EN 300 113-1 V1.7.1 for 25 and 12.5 kHz channels, and ETSI 301 166-1 V1.3.2 for channel 6.25 kHz.

Tab. 4.8: Unlimited 50 kHz

Unlimited 50 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
15.620.752CPFSK-114-111-107-16-14-14
20.831.002CPFSK-113-110-106-16-15-14
31.250.754CPFSK-108-105-101-19-18-18
41.671.004CPFSK-107-104-100-19-19-18
31.250.75DPSK-112-109-105-12-10-9
41.671.00DPSK-111-108-104-12-11-9
62.490.75π/4-DQPSK-107-104-100-4-4-3
83.331.00π/4-DQPSK-106-103-99-5-5-4
93.750.75D8PSK-101-98-94-8-8-8
125.001.00D8PSK-100-97-93-8-8-8
125.000.7516DEQAM-98-95-91-6-6-5
166.671.0016DEQAM-97-94-90-6-6-5
Unlimited 50 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
20.832CPFSK24K0F1DBN22.130.6
41.674CPFSK24K0F1DDN23.931.7
41.67DPSK45K0G1DBN45.151.0
83.33π/4-DQPSK45K0G1DDN44.851.0
125D8PSK45K0G1DEN45.351.3
166.6716DEQAM45K0D1DEN44.751.0

Tab. 4.9: CE 50 kHz

CE 50 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
15.620.752CPFSK-114-111-107-16-14-14
20.831.002CPFSK-113-110-106-16-15-14
31.250.754CPFSK-108-105-101-19-18-18
41.671.004CPFSK-107-104-100-19-19-18
26.040.75DPSK-112-109-105-15-15-15
34.721.00DPSK-110-108-104-15-15-15
52.080.75π/4-DQPSK-107-104-100-21-21-17
69.441.00π/4-DQPSK-106-103-99-21-21-17
78.120.75D8PSK-102-99-96-20-21-15
104.171.00D8PSK-101-98-95-20-21-16
104.170.7516DEQAM-101-98-95-17-17-14
138.891.0016DEQAM-100-97-9417-17-15
CE 50 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
20.832CPFSK24K0F1DBN22.130.6
41.674CPFSK24K0F1DDN23.931.7
34.72DPSK40K0G1DBN39.345.5
69.44π/4-DQPSK40K0G1DDN39.245.6
104.17D8PSK40K0G1DEN39.544.8
138.8916DEQAM40K0D1DEN39.145.1

Tab. 4.10: CE 25 kHz

CE 25 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
7.810.752CPFSK-118-115-111-8-6-5
10.421.002CPFSK-117-114-110-10-8-7
15.630.754CPFSK-115-112-107-9-9-7
20.831.004CPFSK-113-110-104-11-11-9
15.620.75DPSK-114-112-107-6-6-5
20.831.00DPSK-113-111-106-8-8-7
31.250.75π/4-DQPSK-113-110-106-4-4-3
41.661.00π/4-DQPSK-111-108-104-6-6-5
46.870.75D8PSK-106-103-98-8-8-8
62.491.00D8PSK-104-101-95-10-10-9.5
62.490.7516DEQAM-104-101-95-6-6-5
83.321.0016DEQAM-102-99-93-8-8-7
CE 25 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
10.422CPFSK13K8F1DBN13.819.6
20.834CPFSK14K2F1DDN14.218.1
20.83DPSK24K0G1DBN23.527.1
41.67π/4-DQPSK24K0G1DDN23.927.2
62.49D8PSK24K0G1DEN23.526.9
83.3216DEQAM24K0D1DEN23.927.3

Tab. 4.11: CE 12.5 kHz

CE 12.5 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
3.910.752CPFSK-120-117-113-6-4-3
5.211.002CPFSK-119-116-112-8-6-5
7.810.754CPFSK-117-114-108-6-6-5
10.421.004CPFSK-115-112-105-8-8-7
7.810.75DPSK-116-114-110-4-4-3
10.421.00DPSK-115-113-109-6-6-5
15.620.75π/4-DQPSK-115-113-109-3.5-3-2
20.831.00π/4-DQPSK-114-111-106-4-4-3
23.440.75D8PSK-109-106-101-6-6-5
31.251.00D8PSK-107-104-98-8-8-7
31.250.7516DEQAM-107-104-99-3-3-2
41.671.0016DEQAM-105-102-96-5-5-4
CE 12.5 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
5.212CPFSK7K00F1DBN6.99.6
10.424CPFSK7K00F1DDN6.88.5
10.42DPSK11K9G1DBN11.913.6
20.84π/4-DQPSK11K9G1DDN11.813.6
31.25D8PSK11K9G1DEN11.813.4
41.6616DEQAM11K9D1DEN11.813.5

Tab. 4.12: CE 6.25 kHz

CE 6.25 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
1.960.752CPFSK-122-120-114-0.5+1.0+5.5
2.611.002CPFSK-121-119-113-2.5-1.0+4.0
3.910.754CPFSK-119-116-111-1.5-0.0+5.0
5.211.004CPFSK-117-114-108-3.5-1.5+3.0
3.910.75DPSK-121-118-1130.01.57.0
5.211.00DPSK-119-117-112-2.0-0.55.0
7.820.75π/4-DQPSK-117-115-112+1.03.06.0
10.421.00π/4-DQPSK-116-113-110-0.51.04.0
11.720.75D8PSK-111-109-104-1.01.04.0
15.631.00D8PSK-111-109-104-3.0-1.02.0
15.630.7516DEQAM-110-107-103-7.5-2.01.5
20.831.0016DEQAM-107-104-99-5.5-3.50.0
CE 6.25 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
2.612CPFSK3K00F1DBN2.954.35
5.214CPFSK3K00F1DDN3.173.92
5.21DPSK6K00G1DBN5.916.71
10.42π/4-DQPSK6K00G1DDN8.946.81
15.62D8PSK6K00G1DEN5.936.68
20.8316DEQAM6K00D1DEN5.816.74

Tab. 4.13: FCC 50 kHz

FCC 50 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
15.620.752CPFSK-115-112-108-16-16-15
20.831.002CPFSK-113-111-107-17-16-15
31.250.754CPFSK-110-107-103-21-21-15
41.671.004CPFSK-109-106-102-21-21-16
26.040.75DPSK-112-109-105-15-15-15
34.721.00DPSK-110-108-104-15-15-15
52.080.75π/4-DQPSK-107-104-100-21-21-17
69.441.00π/4-DQPSK-106-103-99-21-21-17
78.120.75D8PSK-102-99-96-20-21-15
104.171.00D8PSK-101-98-95-20-21-16
104.170.7516DEQAM-101-98-95-17-17-14
138.891.0016DEQAM-100-97-9417-17-15
FCC 50 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
41.674CPFSK28K0F1D28.037.0
34.72DPSK40K0G1D39.345.5
69.44π/4-DQPSK40K0G1D39.245.6
104.17D8PSK40K0G1D39.544.8
138.8916DEQAM40K0D1D39.145.1

Tab. 4.14: FCC 25 kHz

FCC 25 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
15.630.754CPFSK-116-113-108-3-1-0
20.831.004CPFSK-114-111-105-5-2-1
26.040.75π/4-DQPSK-114-111-107-4-2-1
34.721.00π/4-DQPSK-112-109-105-6-4-2
39.060.75D8PSK-108-105-99-9-7-5
52.081.00D8PSK-106-103-96-11-9-7
52.080.7516DEQAM-106-103-96-12-9-8
69.441.0016DEQAM-104-101-94-14-12-10
FCC 25 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
20.834CPFSK18K6F1D18.523.6
34.72π/4-DQPSK19K8G1D19.722.8
52.08D8PSK19K8G1D19.822.6
69.4416DEQAM19K8D1D19.922.6

Tab. 4.15: FCC 25 kHz RipEX-928, RipEX-215

FCC 25 kHz Rx RipEX-928, RipEX-215
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
15.630.754CPFSK-115-112-106-8-8-8
20.831.004CPFSK-113-110-104-10-10-10
20.840.75π/4-DQPSK-115-112-108-9-9-9
27.781.00π/4-DQPSK-113-110-105-11-11-11
31.250.75D8PSK-110-107-101-8-8-8
41.671.00D8PSK-108-105-98-9-9-9
41.670.7516DEQAM-106-103-96-11-11-11
55.561.0016DEQAM-104-101-94-13-13-13
FCC 25 kHz Tx RipEX-928, RipEX-215
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
20.834CPFSK16K0F1D15.922.6
27.78π/4-DQPSK16K0G1D15.918.2
41.67D8PSK16K0G1D15.918.0
55.5616DEQAM16K0D1D15.918.1

Tab. 4.16: FCC 12.5 kHz

FCC 12.5 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
7.810.754CPFSK-117-114-108-5-5-4
10.421.004CPFSK-115-112-105-7-7-6
13.020.75π/4-DQPSK-115-113-109-2-2-2
17.361.00π/4-DQPSK-114-111-106-4-4-3
19.530.75D8PSK-109-106-101-6-6-5
26.041.00D8PSK-107-104-98-8-8-7
26.040.7516DEQAM-107-104-99-3-3-2
34.721.0016DEQAM-105-102-96-5-5-4
FCC 12.5 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
10.424CPFSK8K60F1D8.611.3
17.36π/4-DQPSK10K0G1D9.8311.3
26.04D8PSK10K0G1D9.8711.2
34.7216DEQAM10K0G1D9.8811.3

Tab. 4.17: FCC 6.25 kHz

FCC 6.25 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
3.910.754CPFSK-120-117-112-2-2-2
5.211.004CPFSK-118-115-109-4-4-3
6.510.75π/4-DQPSK-118-116-113-3-3-2
8.681.00π/4-DQPSK-117-114-111-5-5-4
9.770.75D8PSK-112-110-105-2-2-2
13.021.00D8PSK-110-107-102-4-4-3
13.020.7516DEQAM-110-107-103-3-3-2
17.361.0016DEQAM-108-105-100-5-5-4
FCC 6.25 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
5.214CPFSK3K60F1D3.555.01
8.68π/4-DQPSK5K00G1D4.895.63
13.02D8PSK5K00G1D4.885.56
17.3616DEQAM5K00G1D4.875.63

Tab. 4.18: Narrow 25 kHz

Narrow 25 kHz Rx
ClassificationSensitivity [dBm]Blocking or
desensitization [dBm]
kbpsFECModulationBER 10-2BER 10-3BER 10-6±1 MHz±5 MHz±10 MHz
7.810.752CPFSK-118-115-111-8-6-5
10.421.002CPFSK-117-114-110-10-8-7
15.630.754CPFSK-115-112-107-9-9-7
20.831.004CPFSK-113-110-104-11-11-9
10.410.75DPSK-116-114-109-7-7-6
13.891.00DPSK-115-113-108-8-8-7
20.840.75π/4-DQPSK-113-111-107-8-8-8
27.781.00π/4-DQPSK-112-110-106-9-8-8
31.250.75D8PSK-108-105-101-9-8-8
41.671.00D8PSK-107-104-100-10-10-9
41.670.7516DEQAM-106-103-99-11-9-9
55.561.0016DEQAM-104-101-95-11-10-9
Narrow 25 kHz Tx
ClassificationOBW 99% [kHz]26 dB Bandwidth
kbpsModulationEmission
10.422CPFSK13K8F1DBN13.819.6
20.834CPFSK14K2F1DDN14.218.1
13.89DPSK15K9G1DBN15.918.2
27.78π/4-DQPSK15K9G1DDN15.918.2
41.67D8PSK15K9G1DEN15.918.0
55.5616DEQAM15K9D1DEN15.918.1
[Note]Note
  1. All the Sensitivities above are guaranteed ones, i.e. every single unit has got typically even better values for 0–4 dB.

  2. BER (Bit Error Rate) is calculated from PER (Packet Error Rate) when packet size was 60 Bytes.

  3. All the values above are guaranteed for temperatures from -30 to +60 °C (-22 to +140 °F) and for all frequency channels.

  4. The RipEX spurious response rejection is defined as “better than 70 dB”, where 70 dB is the limit defined by ETSI EN 300 113. We confirm that the real measured values of this parameter are better than 75 dB.

  5. The radio circuits in RipEX were designed to provide protection from the output of the power amplifier and no oscillation, no damage into infinite VSWR at any phase angle occurs.

  6. OBW 99% (Occupied BandWidth) – the bandwidth containing 99% of the total integrated power of the transmitted spectrum, centered on the assigned channel frequency.

  7. “26 dB Bandwidth” – the bandwidth where, beyond its lower and upper limits, any discrete spectrum component or the power spectral density is attenuated by at least 26 dB, relative to a given and predetermined zero dB level.

  8. Please contact RACOM for current status of official test reports for CE, FCC and other standards for different models (frequencies) and different channel spacings.

  9. “Unlimited 50 kHz” channel mask is slightly wider than the relevant CE or FCC requirements, ” Narrow 25 kHz” is slightly narrower than the relevant CE requirement. If necessary contact RACOM for more details.

4.5. Model offerings

RipEX radio modem has been designed to have minimum possible number of hardware variants. Different HW models are determined by frequency, internal GPS and separate connectors for RX and TX antennas.

Upgrade of functionality does not result in on-site hardware changes – it is done by activating software feature keys (see chapter RipEX in detail and Adv. Config., Maintenance).

4.5.1. Ordering code (Part No’s)

Trade name: RipEX
Type (according to bands): RipEX-160, RipEX-200, RipEX-300, RipEX-400, RipEX-900.
Code (according to the tuned frequency and specific HW models): e.g. RipEX-368, RipEX-432DG etc.

RipEX – XXXyyy

XXX – base frequency
Code            Tuning freq. range
RipEX-135    135–154 MHz
RipEX-154    154–174 MHz
RipEX-215    215–240 MHz
RipEX-300    300–320 MHz
RipEX-320    320–340 MHz
RipEX-340    340–360 MHz
RipEX-368    368–400 MHz
RipEX-400    400–432 MHz
RipEX-432    432–470 MHz
RipEX-470    470–512 MHz
RipEX-928    928–960 MHz

yyy – HW models
empty – basic model
D – separate connectors for RX and TX antennas (Part No. RipEX-HW-DUAL)
G – internal GPS module (Part No. RipEX-HW-GPS)
S – Up to 50 kHz channel spacing (Part No. RipEX-HW-50kHz). “S” is used, becasue units with older version radio boards (lower than 1.1.90.0 or 1.2.50.0.) don’t support 50 kHz channel spacing.

Code examples:
RipEX-368        = RipEX for frequencies from 368 to 400 MHz
RipEX-400G     = RipEX for frequencies from 400 to 432 MHz, with GPS module
RipEX-432DG   = RipEX for frequencies from 432 to 470 MHz, with separate Rx and Tx antenna connectors, with GPS module
RipEX-154S     = RipEX for frequencies from 154 to 174 MHz, together with standard 6.25, 12.5, 25 kHz also 50 kHz channel spacing supported

SW feature keys

ROUTER

– enables Operating mode Router. If not activated, only Bridge mode is available (Part No. RipEX-SW-ROUTER)

166/83

– enables the two highest Data rates for 50 and 25 kHz channel spacings, (Part No. RipEX-SW-166/83)

COM2

– enables the second serial interface configurable as RS232 or RS485 (Part No. RipEX-SW-COM2)

10W

– enables RF output power 10 W for CPSK modulations (Part No. RipEX-SW-10W)

BACKUP ROUTES

– enables Backup routes (Part No. RipEX-SW-BACKUP ROUTES)

MASTER

– enables all functionalities of all possible SW feature keys (Part No. RipEX-SW-MASTER)

Software keys are always tied to a specific RipEX Serial number (S/N). When SW key is ordered later and not together with RipEX unit, this S/N must be given.

Ex feature key

Ex

– authorization for use in hazardous location
II 3G   Ex ic IIC T4 Gc

Ex key is always tied to a specific RipEX Serial number (S/N). When Ex key is ordered later and not together with RipEX unit, this S/N must be given. Ex keys are available only for units produced after 1st of January 2014.

[Important]Important

Since SW feature key can be activated anytime within RipEX, it is not a part of the Code.

Standard RipEX package in paper box contents:

  • RipEX – 1pc

  • Removable sticker plate – 1pc

  • Power and Control plug connector (counterpart) – 1pc

  • DIN set (a pair of DIN rail clips + screws) – 1pc

Accessories

Power supplies
PWS-AC/DC-AD-155A – Power supply with back-up 90–260 VAC/13.8 VDC/150 W
PWS-AC/DC-DR-75-12 – Power supply 85–264 VAC/12 VDC/75 W DIN
PWS-AC/DC-MS2000/12 – Power supply with back-up 230 VAC/13.8 VDC/70 W
PWS-SOLAR-MSU120 – Power supply for solar panel 12 VDC 50–120 W /10.5–14.7 VDC
BAT-12V/5Ah – Battery 12 V, 5.0 Ah (for RipEX_DEMO_CASE)
BAT-12V/7.2Ah – Battery 12 V, 7.2 Ah (for RipEX-HSB)

Holders
RipEX_F_BRACKET – Flat-bracket, for flat mounting
RipEX_L_BRACKET – L-bracket, for vertical mounting

19‘ rack mounting
RipEX_D_RACK_230 – 19″ rack shelf double, incl. 2× PS 100–256 VAC / 24 VDC
RipEX_D_RACK_48 – 19″ rack shelf double, incl. 2× PS 48 VDC / 24 VDC
RipEX_S_RACK_MS – 19″ rack shelf single, incl. MS2000/12 + AKU 7.2 Ah
RipEX_S_RACK_230 – 19″ rack shelf single, incl. PS 100–256 VAC / 24 VDC
RipEX_S_RACK_48 – 19″ rack shelf single, incl. PS 48 VDC / 24 VDC

Others
RipEX_X5 – ETH/USB adapter
RipEX_W1 – Wifi adapter
RipEX_DEMO_CASE – Demo case (without radio modems)
RipEX_DUMMYLOAD – Dummy load antenna
RipEX_C_NM_50 – Feedline cable, RG58, 50 cm, TNC Male – N Male
OTH-HX090F/F – Coaxial overvoltage protection 0–1.5 GHz, N female/N female
RipEX-HS – 19″ Hot standby chassis, RipEX units excl., pow.supplies incl. (has got its own ordering codes, see RipEX-HS User manual)
RipEX-HSB – 19″ Battery pack chassis for RipEX-HS, batteries excl.

4.6. Accessories

  1. RipEX Hot Standby

    RipEX-HS is redundant hot standby chassis. There are two hot-stand-by standard RipEX units inside. In case of a detection of failure, automatic switchover between RipEX units sis performed. RipEX-HS is suitable for Central sites, Repeaters or Important remote sites where no single point of failure is required.

    RipEX-HS

    Fig. 4.16: RipEX-HS

    RipeX-HS dimensions

    Fig. 4.17: RipeX-HS dimensions

    For more information see RipEX-HS datasheet or User manual on www.racom.eu.

  2. Adapter ETH/USB

    Fig. 4.18: Adapter ETH/USB

    ETH/USB adapter

    ETH/USB adapter for service access to the web interface via USB connector. Includes a built-in DHCP server which provides up to 5 leases. To access the RipEX always use the fixed IP 10.9.8.7. For details on use see Section 5.3, “Connecting RipEX to a programming PC”.

  3. WiFi dapter

    Fig. 4.19: WiFi dapter

    Wifi adapter

    Wifi adapter for service access to the web interface via USB connector. Includes a built-in DHCP server which provides up to 5 leases. To access the RipEX always use the fixed IP 10.9.8.7. For details on use see Section 5.3, “Connecting RipEX to a programming PC”.

  4. Demo case

    A rugged plastic case for carrying up to three RipEX’s and one M!DGE 3G SCADA router. It also contains all the accessories needed to perform an on-site signal measurement, complete application bench-test or a functional demostration of both radiomodems and the 3G router. During a field test, units can be powered from the backup battery and external antenna can be connected to one of the RipEX units through „N“ connector on the case.

    Demo case

    Fig. 4.20: Demo case

    Content:

    • Brackets and cabling for installation of three RipEXes and one M!DGE (units are not part of the delivery)

    • 1× power supply Mean Well AD-155A (100-240 V AC 50-60 Hz/13.8 V DC)

    • 1× Backup battery (12V/5Ah, FASTON.250), e.g. Fiamm 12FGH23

    • 1× Power cable (European Schuko CEE 7/7 to IEC 320 C13)

    • 1× Ethernet patch cable (3 m, UTP CAT 5E, 2× RJ-45)

    • Quick start guide

    RipEX accessories:

    • 3× Dummy load antennas

    • 1× L-bracket, 1x Flat-bracket samples

    • 1× ETH/USB adapter

    • 1× Wifi adapter

    M!DGE accessories:

    • Stick antenna (900–2100 MHz, 2.2 dBi, vertical)

    Mechanical properties of case

    • Outside dimension: 455 × 365 × 185 mm

    • Weight approx. 4 kg (excluding the RipEx and M!DGE units)

  5. L-bracket

    Fig. 4.21: L-bracket

    L-bracket

    Installation L bracket for vertical mounting. For details on use see chapter Mounting and chapter Dimensions.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    RipEX with L-bracket

    Fig. 4.22: RipEX with L-bracket

  6. Flat bracket

    Fig. 4.23: Flat bracket

    Flat-bracket

    Installation bracket for flat mounting. For details on use see chapter Mounting.

     

     

    RipEX with Flat-bracket

    Fig. 4.24: RipEX with Flat-bracket

    Flat-bracket dimensions

    Fig. 4.25: Flat-bracket dimensions

  7. 19″ rack shelf – single

    • 1,6U (70 mm) high

    • Ready for assembly with one RipEX

    • Weight 2.5 kg (without power supply and RipEX)

    • Can be assembled with power supply

      • 100 – 256 V AC / 24 V DC

      • 230 V AC / 24 V DC

      • 48 V DC / 24 V DC

      • MS2000/12 + back up battery 7.2 Ah

    19" Rack shelf

    Fig. 4.26: 19″ Rack shelf

    19" Rack shelf – dimensions

    Fig. 4.27: 19″ Rack shelf – dimensions

  8. 19″ rack shelf – double

    • 1,6U (70 mm) high

    • Ready for assembly with two RipEX’es

    • Can be assembled with power supplies

      • 100 – 256 V AC / 24 V DC

      • 230 V AC / 24 V DC

      • 48 V DC / 24 V DC

      • MS2000/12 + back up battery 7.2 Ah

    19" Rack shelf – double

    Fig. 4.28: 19″ Rack shelf – double

    19" Rack shelf–double – dimensions

    Fig. 4.29: 19″ Rack shelf–double – dimensions

  9. Dummy load

    Fig. 4.30: Dummy load

    Dummy load antenna

    Dummy load antenna for RipEX is used to test the configuration on a desk. It is unsuitable for higher output – use transmitting output of 1.0 W only.

     

     

  10. Feedline cable

    Feedline cable is 50 cm long and is made from the RG58 coaxial cable. There are TNC Male (RipEX side) and N Male connectors on the ends. It is intended for use between RipEX and cabinet panel.

  11. Others

    For other accessories (Power supplies, Antennas, Coaxial overvoltage protection etc.) kindly visit http://www.racom.eu/eng/products/radio-modem-ripex.html#accessories