RAy3 microwave units work as a point-to-point link in a full duplex setting with transfer speeds of up to 1002 Mbps.
Supported are 2 license-free bands 17 GHz (17.10 – 17.30 GHz) and 24 GHz (24.00 – 24.25 GHz). Bandwidth can be configured from 3.5 up to 112 MHz, independently for Tx and Rx. Modulation can be fixed or adaptive and can be adjusted from QPSK to 4096QAM. QPSK modulation could be on the fly (without data loss) strengthened for higher receiver sensitivity by extremely robust FEC – such modulation is marked as QPSK-S (S means “strong”). RAy3 microwave links operating in 17 and 24 GHz bands can also be operated as a Short Range Device (SRD).
This link is formed by two RAy units, each equipped by its own parabolic antenna and accessories to be fully operational.
RAy product line has been designed to have minimum possible number of hardware variants. Upgrade of functionality does not result in on-site hardware changes– everything is done by activating software feature keys (see Section 1.7, “Ordering codes” and Chapter 5, Configuration).
HW models are determined only by frequency bands, because both RAy units have identical hardware. Transmitting and receiving channels are freely defined by software and technically separated from each other by cross polarization.
Cross polarization means that one side of the link uses one polarization for transmission (e.g. horizontal) and the opposite polarization for receiving (e.g. vertical). The other side of the link is turned by 90°. Therefore it transmits and receives using opposite polarization with respect to the second unit. Practical result for users is that RAy units for 17 and 24 GHz must be mounted with reverse polarity on both ends of the link.
All units for selected band are hardware identical. Default factory settings for each RAy in the pair use different channels for L and U unit, so the link could be established by using default radio parameters.
RAy links are transparent for IP and UDP Ethernet traffic. Practically all protocols pass through including MPLS, RSTP (BPDU frames) and many others, except following:
Management packets targeted for RAy units itself
Special packets for protocols explicitly mentioned in this manual, which are somehow processed by RAy units (like PTP)
Packets, which did not went through and were discarded due to capacity limitation and/or policy rules (e.g. PIRL, QoS, EGRES shaping …)
This chapter describes basic properties of each RAy unit, which are important for its mechanical installation: antenna waveguide, unit fixing (screws, etc.) and unit grounding (screw + cable). Other interfaces (for data, power and service purposes) are described in next chapters Ethernet + power interfaces and Service interfaces.
Antenna waveguide flange on RAy unit (located across the holder) ensures perfect microwave connection between the unit and the antenna.
RAy3 link requires use of external parabolic antenna for each RAy unit – both for physical mounting as well as for the wireless transmission itself. Parabolic antennas from different producers are available.
Before assembling RAy unit with antenna, always carefully lubricate both antenna waveguide pivot and RAy waveguide flange with thin layer of silicone grease to prevent the damage of O-ring and surfaces. Pivot fits smoothly in to the flange, if it is properly lubricated. A box with silicone grease is packaged with each delivery of new units – see Section 1.6.3, “Packaging”.
If O-ring is injured or damaged, please exchange it immediately for a new one (size 22×2 mm, type ‘FPM80’), otherwise moisture + dust can leak into the waveguide and emitter. It may eliminate several dB of signal and cause a corrosion.
RAy unit is mechanically fixed to the antenna by 4× M8 screws (one per each side of RAy unit).
Installation and basic adjustment of the antenna is described in the
Section 4.2, “Antenna mounting”. Attaching
unit to it
by 4× M8×30 (Allen) screws delivered with each antenna or each mount kit is described in the
Section 4.3, “
unit mounting”. For adjusting the exact antenna
direction see Section 4.7.2, “Directing antennas”
Grounding screw is used for a proper grounding of the RAy unit, which is necessary for its function (ensured by galvanic connection to the grounded mast through a grounding cable).
One M8 screw (with standard 6-edge head) is delivered with each RAy unit. Grounding screw has two possible positions (two holes) to be mounted in. Those are located near the left and right fixing screws of the RAy unit and both are marked by a yellow grounding symbol and both are equivalent (second hole remains unused). For more information about unit grounding see Section 4.3.3, “ RAy unit grounding”.
Grounding screw function is to ensure proper grounding of the RAy unit (by a grounding cable), not for mechanical fixing of the unit.
Pressure equalization between outside and inside of RAy unit is an important technical requirement. It is realized by a small plastic screw next to ETH2 label. It ensures the pressure equalization without letting moisture or humidity to enter the unit.
Do not manipulate or remove this small plastic screw. It is part of the cabinet and its manipulation or a deformation can damage the water protection of the unit.
Warranty does not apply for units with this screw missing or deformed.
This chapter describes interfaces for user data transfer and power sourcing of the unit, as described on the picture and characterized in the table below. Remaining interfaces for service purposes are described in next chapter Service interfaces.
|ETH1+POE||Gigabit metallic Ethernet + Power over Ethernet (PoE) port|
|This port is capable of powering the unit with any PoE power source working
according to IEEE 802.3at standard.|
Passive PoE from 20 to 60 V is supported (if DC input is required, it could be injected through this connector – the voltage range is identical: from 20 to 60 V).
|ETH2||Slot for user exchangeable SFP module|
|A wide range of fibre optics Ethernet modules is available. Both single or dual mode transceivers can be used. SFP module with metallic RJ45 interface can also be used.|
|The SFP LED|
|Located on SFP, just next to connectors. It is controlled by SFP module. Its function is specific for each SFP module. The typical behavior is an indication the received signal from the optical or metallic link to be within operational range.|
A set of all necessary bushing parts are delivered with each RAy unit – see a description of this standard basic accessory ACS-RAy3. Additional bushing options for installation of longer connectors or other equipment are available as well. For bushings installation see Section 4.4, “Connectors assembly and disassembly”.
All bushings and plugs (including the original plugs in the flanges) must be fitted with O-rings and carefully tightened. Otherwise, the unit is not protected against moisture intake through connectors and cannot offer guaranteed functionality.
RJ45 socket connector marked „ETH1+POE“ is a standard 10/100/1000Mbps metallic Ethernet
port. One plastic RJ45 plug for CAT5e and CAT6 cables is delivered with each
unit (within item ACS-RAy3), ready to be punched
to an Ethernet cable.
Higher quality and CAT7 compatible RJ45 plugs are available from CON-RJ45-CAT7. as well – see for example item
This port can be optionally used for power sourcing the unit by PoE (Power over Ethernet). Both an active PoE power supply (compliant with at least IEEE 802.3at standard known also as „PoE plus“) and a passive PoE power supply (with voltage range 20-60 V) are supported.
Technical parameters of PoE power input:
Supported voltage range is 20 to 60 V, both polarities are supported. For RAy unit booting the minimum required voltage is 21 V (to prevent booting with discharged 24 V battery).
It is possible to use all 4 Eth pairs (8 pins) or only 2 Eth pairs (4 pins). Use:
either 4,5 (V+) and 7,8 (V-) or opposite +/- DC polarity
or 1,2 (V+) and 3,6 (V-) or opposite +/- DC polarity
or both simultaneously (with all combinations of +/- DC polarities supported)
More information about usage and installation of available power options can be found in Section 4.6, “Power supply” and Section 4.5, “Grounding and overvoltage protection”.
„ETH2“ is a standard SFP slot for 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet SFP modules, user exchangeable. Both fibre optic and metallic Ethernet SFP modules are supported. For optical both single and dual mode fibre optics Ethernet modules (= 2 or 1 fibres) can be used. CSFP modules are not supported. accessory.offers all mentioned types of SFP modules, tested to be RAy compatible as a standard
The SFP status LED is located just next to the slot. It is controlled by SFP module. Its function is specific for each SFP module. The typical behavior is an indication the received signal from the fibre optic or metallic link to be within operational range.
It is strongly recommended to use a high quality SFP module with industry temperature range. The SFP modules listed in Accessories are thoroughly tested by and are guaranteed to function with RAy units. It is possible to use any other SFP module with power consumption up to 1.25 W, but cannot guarantee their complete compatibility with RAy units.
SFP module has to be inserted to out-of-power unit, otherwise its function is unpredictable and the module and/or the RAy unit can be damaged.
Do not remove the smaller plastic screw next to ETH2 label. It is part of the cabinet and assures pressure equalization outside and inside.
Direct DC power source can be used to power the RAy3 unit. Instead of standard DC connector the DC cable is mounted to a terminal block on DC/RJ45 adapter (item OTH-DC/RJ45). The adapter is then fitted in to the RJ45 connector in slot ETH1+POE.
Item OTH-DC/RJ45 is orderable with the unit
(see Section 1.7.1, “
units”). It is equipped by 2 terminals (each min 2
A / 1.5 mm2 / AWG 14) with screws to ensure perfect connection
with cooper DC power cable.
Internal RJ45 pins wiring of DC/RJ45 adapter utilizes all 8 contacts on RJ45 and is:
DC terminal (+) RJ45 pins: 1,2,4,5
DC terminal (-) RJ45 pins: 3,6,7,8
RJ45 shield floating (not connected to any pin)
Supported voltage range is 20 to 60 V, both polarities are supported. The minimum required voltage for RAy unit booting is 21 V (to prevent booting with discharged 24 V battery). Maximum long-term voltage on RAy unit is recommended to be below 58 V (to ensure over-voltage protection inside the unit stays deactivated). Power input is galvanic separated inside RAy unit.
Optional grounding of DC cable should be connected directly to the mast or to the Grounding screw on RAy chassis, to ensure proper grounding of the cable. For grounding to the mast use suitable grounding kit – for example see Grounding in section Accessories.
More information about DC power sourcing installation can be found in Section 4.6, “Power supply”.
DC-RJ45 adapter occupies ETH1+POE port. When used, Ethernet connection to the unit has to be made through SFP module inserted in to ETH2 port. Standard SFP modules for fibre optic Ethernet or for metallic Ethernet (with RJ45 connector) can be used – see Accessories / SFP modules for more details.
Other valid possibility how to power the unit using DC power source is to use passive PoE injector or active PoE power supply with DC input and deliver the power to RAy3 unit over PoE through Ethernet cable with RJ45 connector plugged in to ETH1+POE slot as described in Section 1.3.1, “RJ45 connector (ETH1+POE)”.
Slot „S“ stands for “Service”. It contains system connectors – standard USB port and a pair of contacts for RSS voltage output (red + gray ones). Also HW button and Status LED are located there.
|S||USB service connector|
|For USB/WiFi or USB/ETH adapters, see Section 1.4.1, “USB connector ( S )”|
|RSS voltage output|
|Red and green connectors (for example 0.547 V means RSS = –54.7 dBm),
see Fig. 1.17, “RSS voltage contacts”
|For service purposes: Internal backup or Factory settings, |
see Section 5.6.1, “Maintenance”
|Visible through semitransparent plug, |
see Section 1.5, “Status LED ( S )”
USB-A port is designed for access to RAy management through USB/WIFI adapter or USB/ETH adapter plugged in to. More information about installation and configuration of available adapters can be found in Quick Guide and in Section 5.4.3, “Service access” (part “USB Accessories”).
Only See USB adapters on RAy Accessories web site.recommended adapters are supported.
Each RAy3 unit is equipped with the service WiFi interface from the factory. It is realized by standalone WiFi module inserted in to the USB connector in slot “S”. WiFi can be used solely for unit management (no user traffic can be transmitted by using this WiFi connection).
WiFi module can be disabled in FW (WiFi module is out of power then) or manually unplugged. In both cases the results are identical – no WiFi is possible. Management of the WiFi port is described in Section 5.4.3, “Service access” (part “USB Accessories”).
RAy3 unit can be equipped with the service Ethernet interface as an option. It can be used solely for unit management (no user traffic can be transmitted using this Ethernet connection).
Optional Eth adapter (ordering code OTH-USB/ETH-XA) can be inserted in to the USB connector in slot “S” (instead of WiFi module). Management of this Ethernet port is described in Section 5.4.3, “Service access” (part “USB Accessories”).
RSS voltage output connectors are located in slot „S“ aside USB connector. This pair of contacts (red + green ones) allows to connect a voltmeter (pin diameter 2 mm) to the RAy unit and measure RSS value transformed to the voltage output.
RSS (Received Signal Strength) is a basic parameter used for directing antennas to the optimal direction. RSS output voltage is calibrated to be proportional to actual RSS dBm (for example 0.547 V means RSS –54.7 dBm). Thus a standard digital voltmeter allows to see RSS value in a digital form interactively during the antenna alignment. More information about RSS voltage output usage is in Section 4.7.2, “Directing antennas” (part “Voltmeter”) together with several alternative ways to get this value by other methods.
It is located in a small hole next to USB connector. It can be pushed by any tiny blunt thing with the diameter up to 2 mm. Its length has to reach about 7 mm in to the hole. (It can be ball pen cartridge – both ends work on the thin one, match, toothpick, etc.).
Usage of very sharp things for pushing the HW button (like needle, edge clip etc.) may destroy the contact inside RAy unit! Such a button destruction is not covered by warranty.
The button supports multiple functions, which are activated dependent on the state of the unit when the button is pushed and the length of the push:
|Action to be performed||Unit status||Button pushed||SYS LED indication|
internally temporary stored
|For 5 seconds||Flashes Green|
to Local unit, then reboot
|Out of power||Pushed before power on, released after SYS LED stops flashing red||Flashes Red (delayed after power on, for a duration of 5 seconds)|
|Entering the |
(Please, exit this mode
by powering off the unit)
|Out of power||Pushed before power on, released when SYS LED starts flashing red||Flashes Red (delayed after power on)|
Those actions and their use are described in detail in Section 5.6.1, “Maintenance”.
RAy3 unit is equipped with one LED indicator located inside the housing of the
FOD unit in slot „S“ (during normal operation covered by semi-transparent plug). Meaning of
the color combinations of this LED indicator is:
Tab. 1.1: LED status indicators
||System is up and working OK|
System reports warning or alarm,
||System reports HW alarm|
||Unit is out of power or HW button pressed|
||Unit is starting|
Outer sizes and weights for all RAy3 models are identical:
Outer size: 245 × 245 × 160 mm
Weight: 2.6 kg
Basic technical parameters like identification of the HW model, working frequency, maximum Tx power, requirements for power supply, most important certifications, etc. are visible on RAy Production label. All technical parameters are stated in detail in Chapter 9, Technical parameters.
The label contains identification of the HW model and its serial number, basic technical parameters, most important certifications, QR code to manual, address of the producer, etc. Meaning of the most important information listed on the production label is:
Type – RAy3 product line identification (for details see Section 1.7, “Ordering codes” )
Code – detailed identification of the unit HW (for details see Section 1.7.1, “ RAy units” )
S/N – serial number, MW link consists of two separated units with two different serial numbers
QR code – www link to the latest version of the User manual
RF Power – maximum output power
TX, RX freq – range of working frequency
PoE – power supply characteristics
CE, FCC ID, IC or other – available certifications
The processor included in the unit variant S and X (identified by the item ‘Code’ on production label and in the ordering code) uses an encryption module listed as 5A002 a.1 in the COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 428/2009, setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items. Units are subject to export control when exporting outside the European union, according to national, EU and US law.
A link should consist from a pair of “-L” and “-U” units (L and U are always a last letter in Code printed on production label of each unit), but it is not mandatory (HW for L and U unit is identical and L/U settings could be assigned by SW). Using L + U pair ensures all default settings of both units match each other (including proper IP addresses as described in this manual). It ensures the link is automatically established after factory defaults (to simplify initial setting of the unit).
The RAy3 radio link is supplied in a package containing two separate boxes. Delivery includes:
If only one unit is delivered, then delivery includes one piece of each item.
The unit is fixed in the box as follows:
RAy3 units are ready for direct mounting to:
Jirous Class 3 antennas (type JRMC in Ordering code) smoothly replaced Jirous Class 2 antennas (types JRMA or JRMB in Ordering code) inportfolio of antennas during Q1/2020.
Standard antennas shipment is one antenna in its own box.is able to arrange more compact shipment for a bigger amount of antennas (on a special request).
Tab. 1.2: Overview of Jirous Class 2 and Class 3 antennas
|10, 11 GHz||17, 18 GHz||24 GHz|
Tab. 1.3: Overview of LEAX-RAy antennas
|10, 11 GHz||17, 18 GHz||24 GHz|
Andrew (Class 2 or 3 or 4) or traditional Arkivator antennas or antennas from other suppliers can also be used, but they require an antenna mounting kit. Flexible waveguide is a general-purpose option for any antenna usage. Contact us for available types and details.
Antennas and other accessories are necessary for RAy units to allow a proper functionality of the whole microwave link.
always tries to ship all ordered accessories together with RAy units and antennas. Accessories are mostly small items, so typical packaging is that all accessories are shipped on the same palette with other material (within one additional RAy box).
All RAy3 models mentioned in this manual have their unique ordering codes. Available are also capacity keys, feature activation keys and accessories necessary to reach expected functionality of the link. All ordering codes are discussed in detail in this chapter and at , and are available for purchase at web. E-shop
Ask your supplier to ensure completeness of your product delivery for the individual link situation, applicable spectrum regulations, local safety and security requirements, type of power sourcing, grounding, etc.
does not have any responsibility for improper use of any offered device. It is customers full responsibility to check technical parameters of all ordered items and to use and configure them in accordance with their purpose. It is also customers full responsibility to respect all requirements applicable at the site of installation.
RAy ordering codes begin with a string printed on Production label (9-11 characters long, lasting by „-L“ or „-U“). It defines HW parameters and factory settings, which cannot be changed later on (like working frequency, encryption HW acceleration, factory defaults and limitations built in to units in the factory like limitation of Tx power or prevention to use any form of encryption). Rest of the ordering code defines functionalities and options which could be added, erased or changed by a user later on (like SW feature key for initial capacity or an optional DC power adapter).
Ordering Code structure:
|Frequency band in GHz|
Possible values: 17, 24
|Designation of product variant. More variants can be used within one unit, i.e.
more letters can be on this position. These variants are fixed in unit HW and cannot
be changed later on. |
|Lower / Upper frequency|
|If unit is ordered with SW keys, all keys are specified in this bracket. SW key
activates the Data speeds, which are under specific license. SW key can be ordered
independently for specific S/N anytime later on. |
Possible values: 360, 500, 1000
default is 360 Mbps, optional SW key for 500 or 1000 Mbps,
Part No’s.: RAy3-SW-360, RAy3-SW-500, RAy3-SW-1000
|If unit is ordered with optional accessories, it is specified in this bracket.
|Specific product type for which type approvals like CE, FCC etc. are
Possible values: RAy3-17 , RAy3-24
|Detailed HW identification of the unit printed on Production label on the housing.|
The processor included in the unit variant S and X uses an encryption module listed as 5A002 a.1 in the COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 428/2009, setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items. Units are subject to export control when exporting outside the European union, according to national, EU and US law.
The proper pair of Lower (L) and Upper (U) units should be selected when ordering the microwave link. Unit marked with L is set for transmission on lower frequency (and receive on higher one), while unit marked with U is set for transmission on higher frequency (and receive on lower one). This allows the link to be established without any initial manual settings – just by powering up both units at factory defaults (see Quick Guide). The difference between L and U code is only in default factory settings, which are different for each side of the link.
RAy units allow to pay only for purchased transmission capacity (pay as-you-grow concept). Activation keys could be purchased together with the unit or later at . Each key is generated for specific S/N of the unit and the purchased capacity. Once installed, it unlocks all combinations of channels and modulations up to the purchased capacity. SW keys could be erased or upgraded. See E-shopConfiguration / Feature keys for more details.
For allowed combinations of channel width and modulation for transmitting channel see Capacity SW keys table. The Capacity feature key limit applies for transmitted data on the unit where the key is installed. For asymmetrical capacity keys could be different for each side of the link.
Several types of SW feature key are available for
units: Bundled capacity (ordered together with
units – see previous chapter) Separately purchased capacity feature keys (see below) Upgrade capacity feature keys (see below)
Bundled capacity (ordered together with RAy units – see previous chapter)
Separately purchased capacity feature keys (see below)
Upgrade capacity feature keys (see below)
is able to generate customer specific Capacity feature keys on special request.
Keys purchased separately and installed by user.
Keys purchased separately and installed by user.
RAy units allow to pay only for purchased features (pay as-you-grow concept). Activation keys could be purchased together with the unit or later at . Each key is generated for specific S/N of the unit and the purchased feature (or a set of features). Once installed, a specific feature or function of the unit is allowed. Feature keys could be erased or upgraded. See E-shopConfiguration / Feature keys for more details.
Available feature activation keys are listed in following table:
|RAy3||Ordering codes for other feature keys|
| x: P = positive value|
N= negative value
yy: value of limit in dBm
Allow AES encryption
Units with variant ‘N’ in the Code printed on Production label would never allow to use encryption, even if such a SW key is purchased and installed to the unit (‘N’ prevails).
Ordering codes for all accessories offered by Accessories section of RAy web site and they are available for purchase in . More information about accessories can be also found in E-shopChapter 2, Accessories.to allow a proper functionality of the whole microwave link are listed on
Please consult your supplier to ensure completeness of your product delivery for the individual link situation, spectrum regulations, local security requirements, type of power sourcing, grounding, etc.